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Did you know that...the Bardenas Reales Natural Park

It is located in the southeast of Navarra bordering Aragon and in the center of the immense basin that is the Ebro Valley and is bounded by the Iberian and Pyrenean mountain ranges. The Parque Natural de las Bardenas Reales is a terrain sculpted over millions of years by erosion. Its origin goes back to the Tertiary, when the collision of the European and Iberian plates gave rise to the formation of the Pyrenees, the Iberian Mountain Range and the Sierra de los Catalanides, creating between them an immense closed basin with no access to the sea to which the watercourses from these mountains came down the slope with such force that they eroded the slopes on which they fell, dragging a large quantity of materials that were then deposited on the walls and bottoms of the lakes and marshes that formed in the basin. Ten million years ago this basin was opened by the Catalan coast and the water that was accumulated found drainage in the Mediterranean, thus emerging the river Ebro and beginning the erosive process of materials accumulated until then. The landscape of the Bardenas Reales that is contemplated today is the one formed by the deposits of materials coming from those mountains, chiseled later by the true craftsman, an intense erosion. Water and wind have carved these surprising shapes. The hand of man has not been a stranger either in the Bardenas where archaeological sites have been found that demonstrate the human presence in the area back in the Bronze and Iron Age.

Bardenas Reales

A little more history

For the Romans, the Bardenas Reales did not go unnoticed either, integrating them into their administration. Between the Christian and Muslim kingdoms, the Bardenas became a frontier. According to writings, the territory of Las Bardenas was already a royal patrimony when the Reconquest, since King Sancho García in 882 ceded these lands, so that the sheep herds could take advantage of the pasture, to the people of the Roncal and Salazar valleys for their help in the battles against the Muslims. The titularity of Reales comes given to them from their belonging to the kings of Navarre. And when this kingdom was incorporated into the kingdom of Castile, their continued possession was real, which continued to give concessions and privileges over them in exchange for favours and payments. The Community of Bardenas Reales has existed for a very long time. It is a historical entity that manages the territory and is made up of Congozantes, nineteen villages on the banks of the river, a monastery and two Pyrenean valleys, to whom these rights belong. Felipe V granted the right in perpetuity and exclusively, on April 14, 1705, after payment of 12000 reais of eight, to the community of congozantes of the use and exploitation of Las Bardenas, which until the beginning of the twentieth century has been mainly livestock and then shared land with agriculture. Regulations and ordinances on the activities and rights over them are powers of the Community of Las Bardenas Reales, whose organs are the General Assembly, the Permanent Commission and the President, although the ownership of the Bardenas belongs to the government of Navarre.

Cabezo of Castildetierra in the Bardenas Reales

To discover What to see in the Bardenas Reales Natural Park?

In this extensive territory, semi-desert and unpopulated, but with landscape and natural values that have led it to be declared a Natural Park in 1999 and Biosphere Reserve and Place of Community Interest in 2000, the visitor is surprised by the unique forms of ravines, plateaus and solitary hills, called cabezos. The "cabezos" and "cortados" are the most striking landscape elements of the entire Natural Park. There are three areas: El Plano, a small plateau for agricultural and livestock use and the habitat of many steppe species. The Bardena Blanca, characterized by whitish soils of desert aspect, is the most photographed and visited, in it are the main formations like the head of Castildetierra or the one of Pisquerra. And the Bardena Negra, on the border with Aragon, where the terrain darkens giving way to forests of Aleppo pine, unique to the area. Other corners of the Bardenas that attract attention are, for example, the Vedado de Eguaras, where you can admire a small circus surrounded by gypsum ravines. El Rincón de Bú, where eagle owls, golden eagles and Egyptian vultures nest. Landazuria that extends to the feet of the hill of the Virgin of Our Lady of the Yugo. Las Caídas de la Negra, located in the Bardena Negra is a place that has a set of cracks that reach 270 meters deep. In short, to walk through the park is to discover beautiful and unique landscapes, inhospitable or desert but where life flows, as evidenced by the large number of different species of fauna that have found their ideal habitat there. Birds of prey such as the peregrine falcon, booted eagle, griffon vulture... Steppe birds such as the Great Bustard or the Lark. Mammals, reptiles and even trout, barbels or tench that swim in water ponds.

Bardenas Reales


The Bardenas Reales have traditionally been a true source of energy resources where in other times woodcutters and charcoal burners prevailed.


The cabezo of Castildetierra, in form singular has become an emblematic symbol of the Bardenas Reales. Besides enjoying small hills of strange shapes, ravines and dry riverbeds, we will also find abandoned houses and cattle grazing around the place. In the Bardenas Reales, television commercials, music videos and various films have been shot.

Bardenas Reales

The Legend

Legend has it that Sanchicorrota, a very famous bandit who lived in the fifteenth century, ordered some residents of the area to build an artificial cave, which is believed to be the existing one in the cabezo that bears his name, where they can take refuge and prepare their assaults, and so that they could not disclose the place of settlement killed the builders. And the story goes on to say that the horseshoes of their horses were opposed to the reverse to mislead their pursuers, because as a good outlaw who prides himself, his head had a price.

Useful information for visiting the Bardenas Reales Natural Park

A visit to the Visitor Information and Reception Centre of the Bardenas Reales National Park will provide us with the necessary information for our tour of the park, in which we will find BTT and three pedestrian routes. Within the park there is an extensive network of tracks for agricultural and livestock use and part of them is open to tourism and sports, either with motor vehicles or mountain bikes, the maximum speed allowed is 40 km / hour.

  • The park can be visited every day from eight in the morning until one hour before sunset.
  • The route will always be made by the roads marked for that purpose never cross country.
  • The rest of the roads are reserved for traditional uses.
  • Respecting the environment, not making fire or motor sports competitions, avoiding unnecessary noise, are basic rules to follow.
  • Neither camping nor climbing is permitted.
  • Pets should be tied up.
  • There is a military use zone in the park, which is governed by its own restrictions.

To the interpretation centre we will arrive from the NA-8712 that joins Tudela and Arguedas, where we will find the beginning of the Natural Park road that will lead us to it. It is open at different times: winter, summer or Easter. It is open all year round except on 24-25 and 31 December, 6 January, 1 and 5 in the afternoon, and its telephone number is 948 830 308.


Ico_senderosIco rutas flora y faunaIco rutas senderismo con niños en familia



Ico rutas patrimonio culturalIco rutas turismoIco rutas patrimonio natural



Ico monumentoIco lugar de interés turísticoIco pueblo con encanto


Get to the Bardenas Reales

Although there are different accesses to the Bardenas Reales Natural Park, the main one can be found on the NA-134 road that joins Tudela with Arguedas, being shortly before arriving at the latter from Tudela where we will find the road that will lead us to the Bardenas Reales Interpretation Centre. Also along the NA-128 between Caparroso and Carcastillo and between Carcastillo and Sádaba we will have several signposted accesses, tracks that cross the Bardenas Reales.

Once there

There are different authorised routes both for motor vehicles and for bicycles which are appropriately signposted and identified at the different entrances to the park and once in the park.

SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to

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List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment

1:20 h.6.2 km.

Grove of the Estajao
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.

1:30 h.5.5 km.

Path of the Groves from Alfaro
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.

0:20 h.0.8 km.

Well of the Aines
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.

2:20 h.7.8 km.

Beech Forest of Peña Roya
Difficulty-MediumCategory of difficulty green, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not even over great distances or unevenness.

3:50 h.9.6 km.

Ascent the Moncayo
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding routes, either because they are longer, with greater slope or present some specific difficulty.

72:00 h.521 km.

Route through the charming villages of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.

8:50 h.378 km.

Route of the Castles and Fortresses of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Routes with little slope and without difficulties.

10:00 h.501 km.

Route of the Monasteries and Sanctuaries of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Tracks with little unevenness and without difficulties.
Monastery of La Oliva
Carcastillo, Navarra
Monastery of La Oliva

Keeps centuries of art and history

Fortress Church of Santa María de Ujué
Ujué, Navarra
Fortress Church of Santa María de Ujué

Jewel of Ujué, ordered to be constructed by kings

Castle Royal Palace of Olite
Olite-Erriberri, Navarra
Castle Royal Palace of Olite

First of the seven medieval wonders of Spain

Monastery of Santa María la Real de Fitero
Fitero, Navarra
Monastery of Santa María la Real de Fitero

First Cistercian monastery to be established in Spain

San Francisco Pasos de Semana Santa Museum
Calahorra, La Rioja
San Francisco Pasos de Semana Santa Museum

First Museum in La Rioja de Pasos de Semana Santa

Castle of Javier
Javier, Navarra
Castle of Javier

Pilgrimage destination in honour of the patron saint of Navarre, Saint Francis Xavier

The Cerco de Artajona
Artajona, Navarra
The Cerco de Artajona

Citadel surrounded by walls

Royal Monastery of Santa María of Veruela
Vera de Moncayo, Zaragoza
Royal Monastery of Santa María of Veruela

Beautiful stone garden, one of the main Cistercian foundations in Spain

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