It is located in the Plaza de San Tirso, in Sahagún, a few meters from the remains of the former Royal Monastery of San Benito. There are documents that say that its construction is from the first half of the twelfth century. It has a basilical floor plan, following the Romanesque style, with three semicircular apses. In its beautiful exterior, the grandiose bell tower, rectangular in plan with its three bodies decreasing in height, rises above the presbyterial section of the central apse, not above the transept. The windows on each floor show how the arches rest on stone columns. It is also striking how the central apse began to be built in ashlar stone and then gave way to brick, a characteristic of Mudejar art. The Church of San Tirso is considered to be one of the most representative constructions of Leonese Romanesque-Mudejar art, and served as a prototype for the construction of other churches in Sahagún itself and even in other provinces.
The church is accessed through a porticoed gallery in which some sarcophagi can be seen. Inside the church, no longer used to worship, you can see the chapels that house its three semicircular apses. The naves or straight sections of the chapels are of unequal height, the one in the centre being the highest. All of them have a beautiful wooden coffered ceiling. The naves are separated by two arches, the original separation arches are those that can be seen at the foot of the church. The choir masonry at the foot of the central nave is that of the church of La Peregrina. A set of processional steps of the Holy Week; diverse carvings, among which the one of San Miguel defeating the dragon, of the XV century stands out; or the one made in stone and that conserves remains of its polychromy, of San Juan Evangelista, of the XIII century, and that in origin was in the Arch of San Benito; the neoclassical altarpiece with the image of San Tirso; two pulpits of alabaster coming from the Monastery of San Benito; A 13th century Gothic sepulchre with a recumbent knight effigy, which was brought from the cemetery of Sahagún and which is thought to have come from the Leonese Monastery of Santa María de Trianos, and an exhibition of miniature maquettes of all the emblematic buildings of Sahagún, complete the interesting visit to this emblematic building which has been a Historical-Artistic Monument of national interest since 1931.
On the third of February, the day of San Blas, the parishioners approached the church of San Tirso with a jug of water for each family and passed with it in front of the officiant so that he could introduce into the jug a bone of San Blas tied to a string and thus the liquid element was blessed.
The tower that can be seen today is a faithful reconstruction of the original, as it collapsed in 1948 and fell on the roofs of the apses and the transept. The restoration work lasted until 1960.
At the time San Tirso was built there was a great proliferation of buildings, cathedrals, monasteries, churches... all in ashlar stone. This caused the prices of the material to be high so that in many of these buildings, above all in villages, which had begun to build in stone and with a Romanesque style, brick was used, taking Moorish models as a reference, giving rise to the birth of a new architectural style, the Mudejar or Romanesque brick. San Tirso is considered to be one of the first Spanish Romanesque churches in which stone was replaced by brick and prototype of the so-called art Romanesque-Mudejar lions.
You can get to Sahagún by following the A-231, Autovía del Camino between Burgos and León. You can also get there by the old N-120 between Logroño and Vigo. The LE-232 joins it with Puente Almuhey and Cistierna to the north and the LE-941 to the south joins it with Mayorga. From Palencia we can reach Sahagún by the CL-613 that communicates both localities. We also have different bus services that connect it with many other cities and Spanish capitals. The bus stop of Sahagún is located in the Avenida de la Constitución, next to the roundabout. In addition Sahagún has railway service by means of the Station of Sahagún, located in the Avenue Constitution, S/N and its service mainly is the line Palencia-La Coruña, but maintains connections with the main Spanish capitals. León airport is the only airport located in the province and the closest to the municipality, being between Valverde de la Virgen and San Andrés del Rabanedo.
The church of San Tirso is located in the Plaza de San Tirso, s/n, near the Arco de San Benito, one step away from the route that follows the Way of St. James as it passes through the town. If necessary, we can park our vehicle in the surroundings of the church or in Doctors Bermejo and Calderón Avenue, which crosses under the famous arch.
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6:55 h.32.4 km.
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