It is located in the mountainous group that joins and separates Galicia from Asturias in the central-eastern end of the province of Lugo where the Primitive Way passes. The numerous archaeological remains, mámoas, dolmens and castros found in the area, give faithful testimony of population settlements since prehistoric times. According to some historians, A Fonsagrada already existed before the 4th century, being a station within the itinerary between Astorga and Lugo. It is known that until the middle of the 14th century these places belonged to the Counts of Trastámara and that around the year 1480 they passed into the hands of the Count of Altamira. For a long time the municipality of A Fonsagrada, together with that of Negueira de Muñiz formed the council of Burón, this was so until the beginning of the 19th century. Throughout their history they rebelled several times against the oppression of the feudal lords, but they were always victorious in these irmandiñas revolts. The history of A Fonsagrada, in the course of the 19th century, has also been linked to the War of Independence and the Carlist Wars.
A Fonsagrada may at first look like an elongated, linear villa, but that happens if you leave the old town. In it is the church, of baroque style, it is under the invocation of Santa Maria and in its main door shows an image of the Virgin with the Child, in this temple masses of the pilgrim are celebrated. At the foot of the church and very close to its apse is the famous and legendary stone fountain, the Fonte Sagrada, which is decorated with two saints praying, carved in the same stone. The Ethnographic Museum shows the history, way of life, culture and customs of the villages of the council. Among the houses, which have luminous buildings and long glazed galleries built between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the house of Peñamaría and Tibidabo, which has two coats of arms on its façade. A Fonsagrada also offers beautiful hiking trails that bring the tourist closer to bucolic and singular places where nature exhibits all its splendour. And like not to enjoy its rich gastronomy, its famous octopus or its tasty butelo.
A Fonsagrada celebrates its patron saint festivities on 11 September in honour of Santa María. One week before the carnivals it celebrates the Feria do butelo. In early or mid-August A Fonsagrada is decorated with its Feria del emigrante.
In Fonsagrada and in its villages the carnival or Antroido is celebrated, in which, according to tradition, there is a pilgrimage with the lights turned off and under the glow of the axes, faults or "facades" in Galician.
There is a popular saying that "A Fonsagrada is the only village where wolves do not descend" and the reason what will it be? Your sacred fonte? Well no, it's because then they have to go up.
Legend has it that one day a pilgrim arrived at Fonsagrada asking for asylum and assistance, something that he got from a very poor family that barely had enough to survive but that welcomed him in its humble abode. The next day the pilgrim, who was none other than the Apostle Santiago, made milk flow from the fountain of the village so that such a generous family could feed itself.
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A Fonsagrada can be reached via LU-701, which connects it with the Principality of Asturias and from there via the AS-28 with Grandas de Salime, and also via the LU-530 from O Cadavo and Lugo. In addition, the LU-740 to the north and the LU-721 to the south communicate with nearby towns.
A Fonsagrada has a bus service that daily and at different times makes the journey Lugo-O Cadavo-A Fonsagrada.
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