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Did you know that... Artajona

 

It is a town located in the central part of the Foral Community of Navarra, in what is called the Middle Zone, in the merindad of Olite, region of Tafalla. The presence of man in Artajona dates back to the third millennium BC, as can be seen in the dolmens of "Portillo de Enériz" and "La Mina". The Romans also settled in the place that today occupies the town and surroundings, of which remains as a legacy a thousandaire of the third century and with it the first writing found in the history of Artajona. During the High Middle Ages the area was depopulated and those who remained were grouped next to the Cerco, but it did not take long, at the end of the eleventh century, the canon Hugo de Conqués, promoted the repopulation and with it the economic growth of Artajona.

Artajona

A little more history

 

The 12th and 13th centuries saw the rise of the town, which became the richest priory of the archpriesthoods of La Ribera and Valdizarbe. The plagues of the 14th century considerably reduced the population and in order to avoid abandonment and as a reward for the aid given to the crown, the King of Navarre Charles III the Noble granted it the title of very noble, illustrious and loyal town of Artajona, granted it privileges and declared its inhabitants free men and infanzones, from that moment it became a royal town. At the end of the Middle Ages, Navarre became part of the Spain of the Catholic Monarchs; in the Navarrese civil war, in the 15th and 16th centuries, between the Agramonteses and Beaumonteses, being Artajona agramontesa, it fell under the dominion of the Beaumont lineage. The Royal Council of the Kingdom, after more than a century of litigation, gave Artajona the rank of Good Town and incorporated it into the Crown and Royal Heritage.

Parish Church of San Pedro in Artajona

What to see in Artajona?

 

In Artajona the past, the present and why not the future, are intermingled and give visitors the opportunity to immerse themselves in past history with so much presence of the place. In this small town, which was even a wedding present from King García Ramírez to his wife Doña Urraca, the Middle Ages are present in its cobbled streets and alleys, in its 18th century passageways or in its monumental houses and palaces adorned with coats of arms from the Calle Mayor; in the Cerco, a 12th century walled enclosure; in the 13th century fortress church of San Saturnino. In the Rabal or lower part of the town, outside the walls, is the parish church of San Pedro, a thirteenth-century Gothic church with a slender medieval tower and a beautiful façade. On the outskirts of Artajona, the 18th century basilica of Our Lady of Jerusalem houses a famous Romanesque carving of the Virgin of Jerusalem, patron saint of the town, and also on the outskirts but in the opposite direction, the hermitage of San Bartolomé keeps a large carving of the saint. Artajona also preserves an impressive Gothic reliquary of the Vera Cruz, making it an essential passage for pilgrims who, following the itinerary of the Templar route of El Camino de la Vera Cruz, from Roncesvalles and sharing the French Way of Saint James, arrive at Puente la Reina and from there continue their pilgrimage to Caravaca de la Cruz, one of the five holy cities of the world, Jerusalem, Rome, Santiago de Compostela, Santo Toribio de Liébana and Caravaca de la Cruz, where a Lignum Crucis is kept and venerated. 

Cerco de Artajona

To discover

 

If you have the good fortune to visit Artajona on a special holiday you can enjoy the concert of bells that, ringing asynchronously, are banded by a group of neighbors prepared for it, "the bandeadores", filling the air with very special chords. The bells of Artajona are part of its heritage, and the town can proudly say that it is the only place in the world where the bells are placed upside down. The visitor, eager for experiences, and to complete such an intense journey through the life and history of the village, can approach one of the most important examples of megalithic culture in Navarre, the dolmens found a few kilometres from the town centre, that of Portillo de Enériz, in which the funeral chamber and a corridor are clearly differentiated, and that of the Farangortea Mine.

Church fortress of San Saturnino in Artajona

Festivities

 

Artajona celebrates its patron saint fiestas in honour of the Virgin of Jerusalem on 8 September. San Saturnino, patron saint of Artajona, is honoured on 29 November. In March, on the weekend coinciding with Saint Joseph's Day, the small festivities are celebrated. In Artajona several pilgrimages are also celebrated, such as that of San Bartolomé on 24 August or the pilgrimage of the Virgin in May. 

 

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Traditions

 

Among the events held in Artajona to celebrate its patron saint San Saturnino, popular chestnut, aizkolaris and harrijasotzailes, "log cutters and stone lifters", is the unique and traditional race of Layas. Young people from the village, dressed for the occasion and climbed on layas, old farm implements, compete to be the first to arrive, ascending a cobbled slope to the Medieval Fence. 

 

Curiosities

 

The Romanesque carving of the Virgin of Jerusalem attracts attention for its small size, only 31 cm high, is bronze and has enameled ornaments, is a reliquary image of the thirteenth century, was a small Virgin of battle, which was carried on the arzón of the horse for protection in battles or dangerous trips to Jerusalem. The image keeps as relic earth of the Holy Places. In order to admire the patron saint of Artajona, the friars who live in a building adjacent to the sanctuary leave the key if it is closed.

Dolmen Portillo of Enériz

The Legend

 

Legend has it that Godfrey of Bouillon, protector of the Holy Sepulchre and leader of the first Crusade, being in the Holy Land in the year 1.099, wanted to reward the courage and help given by Captain Artajones Saturnino Lasterra, offering him what he wanted but he, despising wealth and possessions, asked Godfrey for the image that Godfrey carried on the arzón of his horse. The king after thinking about it, because for him that image of the Virgin was an amulet and a real treasure, as it seems to have been made by Nicomedes and painted by St. Luke, very saddened he agreed to it and Saturnino returned to his land carrying next to the carving of the Virgin, land of the Holy Sepulchre and a Lignum Crucis that today is venerated in the parish of the village. On the journey back to Lasterra he began to lack the money to pay for an inn and as a garment he left the image of the Virgin, but what would not be his surprise when he found his precious image in his saddlebags again on the road. His arrival in Artajona was cheered and filled with honours and he deposited the precious treasure he had brought in the parish church of San Saturnino. Some time later a church was erected, in a different location from today's, to house the Virgin of Jerusalem.       

 

 

OTHER PLANS AND EXCURSIONS IN NAVARRA

 


Ico_senderosIco rutas flora y faunaIco rutas senderismo con niños en familia

 

 

SOME ROUTES BY ARTAJONA AND SURROUNDINGS

 

 


Ico rutas patrimonio culturalIco rutas turismoIco rutas patrimonio natural

 

 

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Getting to Artajona by car

 

Artajona can be reached from Tafalla following the NA-6030, this same road in turn connects Artajona with Mendigorría and from there through the NA-601 with Puente la Reina and the motorway of Camino between Pamplona and Logroño. You can also get to the town by following the NA-6020 which goes to Artajona from one side of the road between Tafalla and Estella and the other from the N-121 near Pamplona.​

 

By bus

 

Artajona has bus services that cover different routes and that daily connect it with Tafalla, Pamplona, Obanos, Puente la Reina or Logroño and the other nearby towns and on the routes. The bus stop is located at Calle Hospital, 20-24.

 

 

 


SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to

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Listado de experiencias
Itineris COMA
Created the 23-07-2018
(5)

Atravesada por el Camino de la Vera Cruz, en una vía secundaria a 31 kilómetros de Pamplona, se encuentra Artajona, un pequeño pueblo-castillo de agitada historia medieval protagonizada por nobles, reyes, papas y obispos en el que el visitante se convierte en uno de sus personajes principales..

List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

72:00 h.521 km.

Route through the charming villages of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

8:50 h.378 km.

Route of the Castles and Fortresses of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Routes with little slope and without difficulties.
The Cerco de Artajona
Artajona, Navarra
The Cerco de Artajona

Citadel surrounded by walls

Saint Mary of Eunate
Muruzábal, Navarra
Saint Mary of Eunate

Singular and mysterious temple surrounded by a serene beauty

Castle Royal Palace of Olite
Olite-Erriberri, Navarra
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First of the seven medieval wonders of Spain

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Fortress Church of Santa María de Ujué

Jewel of Ujué, ordered to be constructed by kings

Monastery of Santa María la Real in Iranzu
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At the bottom of a valley near a river and as horizon the sky

Monastery of La Oliva
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Keeps centuries of art and history

San Francisco Pasos de Semana Santa Museum
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First Museum in La Rioja de Pasos de Semana Santa

Natural Park of Urbasa and Andía
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Between the mountains and the Middle Zone of Navarre

Sanctuary of San Miguel de Aralar
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Jewel of Romanesque architecture, centre of spirituality

Castle of Javier
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Pilgrimage destination in honour of the patron saint of Navarre, Saint Francis Xavier

Sanctuary of Our Lady of Codés
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Lunar landscape, semi-desert spot in the middle of the valley

Monastery of San Salvador de Leyre
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See restaurants in Artajona
Artajona, Navarra
See restaurants in Artajona

Artajona, Navarra

See accommodation in Artajona
Artajona, Navarra
See accommodation in Artajona

Artajona, Navarra

See things to do in Artajona
Artajona, Navarra
See things to do in Artajona

Artajona, Navarra

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