It is located on the left bank of the river Urederra, where it is born, in the centre of the municipality of Améscoa Bajo, of which it forms part and at the foot of the Sierra de Urbasa. In the zone that surrounds Baquedano there remain prehistoric vestiges as well as of the epoch of romanization of the centuries II and III, although the first documented mentions are of more or less ten centuries ago. Baquedano is mentioned in the Fuero de Intzura of 1201. The lineage of the Baquedano, which has its origin in the village, extended through Navarre between the 13th and 17th centuries, reaching important positions, even marquisates. In the 13th century, the Améscoa Baja, the town hall to which Baquedano belongs, was attached to the Diocese of Pamplona.
In the past, the valley councils had their own "junta and bazarre" in the site still known today as Batzarremendia, in the municipality of Zudaire and although forming a single town hall, they elected their mayor from among those who were farmers, each year being from a different village. In the 15th century, hydraulic forges were installed on the banks of the Urederra. In the 19th century, in Baquedano, the war against the French and later the Carlists also left their mark, while in the latter the arms factory on the banks of the river played an important role. Today, Baquedano has the charm of a quiet village that perfectly combines, even acts as a border between, the noisy becoming of modern life with the peace and tranquillity that nature and the environment that surrounds it provide.
While walking through the streets of the small Baquedano the visitor discovers houses that with more than four hundred years show on their facades the coats of arms and coats the nobles who built and inhabited them as the Andueza, Azpilicueta, Baquedano and Urra. Between the farmhouse there is the parish church of San Juan Bautista from the 16th century, a Gothic Renaissance construction built on top of another one from the Middle Ages, of which some remnants have been preserved. The Santa Cruz hermitage, which is a 16th century construction although reformed in the 18th century, keeps inside, in a niche of the altarpiece, a 17th century image of the owner of the El Crucificado hermitage. Baquedano has two ports of access to the Sierra de Urbasa and close to them is the dolmen of the Old Port of Baquedano that was excavated in 1921. All this, in addition to curious fountains and public washing places such as the one that welcomes the entrance to the village, the one of Aialusa, a suggestive gastronomy and an extensive network of walks through the beautiful natural park where it is located, make the town an attractive tourist destination.
Baquedano celebrates its patron saint feasts the second weekend of September and are in honour of the Santa Cruz and the festivities little small are in honour of the Santa Cruz of May.
Baquedano celebrates the traditional Valley Day in which the recognition by the Crown of Navarre of the ownership, use and enjoyment of the amescoanos over the part of the Sierra de Urbasa known as Monte Limitaciones de las Améscoas is remembered.
Tasio, the film about a Navarrese charcoal maker, was filmed in Baquedano's surroundings and on one of its stages, a walnut tree in the village is the protagonist and in front of it one of the washing places.
Legend has it that in order to elect the first king of Navarre he was required to be Lord of Abárzuza and Améscoa and that his coronation was at the foot of a rock between Eulate, Améscoa and Valdelana.
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To get to Baquenado we have to take the NA-718 road that joins Estella in the of the dual carriageway, with Olazagutía and Alsasua on the A-1, being in the municipality of Zudaire where we will find the road that brings us to Baquenado, among other nearby towns.
Baquedano has a bus service with a stop at the crossroads with the municipality that covers the route Larraona - Estella and another internal service Améscoa between the villages of the valley. For more information call 948 539 008.
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