Close to the river Cueza, it is hidden in a depression of the terrain that does not let you see it until you are above the same village. It is a smaller town that forms part of the municipality of Cervatos de la Cueza. Calzadilla de la Cueza is a small town in Palencia of Roman origin that has already been mentioned in various medieval documents. Several writings of pilgrims that mention it placing it between Carrión and Sahagún, link it, in the time, with the Way of Saint James. Although one might think that Calzadilla de la Cueza is due to the passage of the Way through its enclave, the truth is that it is rather received by the Roman road, Vía Aquitana, in whose shadow the locality originated.
On the outskirts of the village, a hospital received pilgrims who passed through here, the Hospital del Gran Caballero or Santa María de las Tiendas, founded in the spirit of a monastery by the Order of Santiago in the 12th century. The lodging was working until the 19th century and was famous on the Way both for its richness and size and for its generosity in the food it distributed, bread, wine and cheese..
The houses of Calzadilla de la Cueza are built along what was the Roman road, which became a stretch of the Way to Saint James as it passed through the locality, and next to the parish church of San Martín, built almost entirely of brick and in which the main altarpiece stands out, Renaissance from the second third of the 16th century and attributed to a disciple of Juan de Juni. The landscape of Calzadilla also offers us the vision of some dovecote typical of the area and a little further away, the bell tower of the cemetery dominates the place.
Calzadilla celebrates its patron saint festivities on the 4th and 5th of July in honour of San Martín de Tours.
It is curious to see, because it is the first village of this route of the Way that offers it to us, the traditional constructions of adobe and tapial mixed with stones or straw, main raw material used in the villages of the zone.
In the surroundings of Calzadilla de la Cueza there are still remains of the Roman road Aquitana, known here as La Parva, which was once the place where pilgrims walked, from the Abbey of Benevívere, which is a 12th century temple, to the old Hospital del Gran Caballero or Santa María de las Tiendas, whose ruins are on the outskirts of the village.
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Calzadilla de las Cuezas is on the section of the N-120, Vigo-Logroño, which goes from Carrión de los Condes to Sahagún. Being between the nearby towns of Ledigos and Terradillos de los Templarios where we find the link with the A-231 between Burgos and León.
Calzadilla de la Cueza has a bus service on Fridays that connects it with the towns on the Palencia-Santervas de la Vega route.
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6:55 h.32.4 km.