It is located in the valley of the River Pico, almost on the edge of the municipal district of Burgos, in the heart of the province. The fact that the city of Burgos was founded in 884, encouraged the repopulation of the lands around the rivers Vena and Pico, thus beginning to forge the personality of these places, among them Cardeñuela Riopico, at the end of the 9th century. In 978 it is mentioned for the first time in the document originated by the constitution of the abbey-infantazgo of Covarrubias in which Count García Fernández donates privileges, quantity of goods and the jurisdiction of several territories to his daughter doña Urraca, who was the first abbot-infantazgo of Covarrubias. In the alfoz of Burgos it was Cardeñuela Riopico with all its rights and possessions, this did not last long because only 75 years later, in 1.046, the locality is delivered to the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña of which it depended until the beginning of the XIX century, enjoying an important autonomy in its council.
In Cardeñuela Riopico and within its parish church dedicated to Santa Eulalia de Mérida is, presiding over its high altar, the altarpiece of Santa Eulalia that the Cabido of the Cathedral of Burgos sold, in 1538, to this parish. On the outside, its Renaissance façade stands out with a beautiful sculpted image of the Pietà, and the church is crowned by a belfry that houses large bells.
Cardeñuela Riopico celebrates festivities in honour of Santa Eulalia on 10 December.
It relates a document from the archive of the Cardeña monastery that, in the year 1.073, there was a dispute between the abbot of the monastery and his vassals of the four villages of the valley, Cardeñuela, Villalval, Villaplana and Villa de doña Eilo, today known as Quintanilla de Riopico, caused because their flocks grazed together with those of the Orbaneja Valley without the monks of the monastery impeding it. One day, tired of these, they took 104 oxen from Orbaneja and locked them up in their stables or tenadas, so the neighbours of Orbaneja together with the monks took the matter to the king. Those of the four towns chose thirteen distinguished infanzones, their neighbors, to defend them before the court of King Alfonso, at the same time the monks named as their defenders Don Cipriano, high authority for being the king's merino in Burgos and who was already the most notable knight of Castile, Don Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, the Cid Campeador. These, Don Rodrigo and Don Cipriano, convinced those of the four villages that those of Orbaneja were right and just. Then they realized that an agreement was preferable to a strong sentence. The five villas took the same "surname", their cattle graze together and some clauses of the Orbaneja charter were adopted by all the localities of the valley. This agreement was made before King Alfonso, who reigned in Castile, Leon and Galicia.
In the locality we can find a archaeological site called "Hotel California" where remains of the Middle Palaeolithic have been found. In its parish is also preserved the original document of the First Trial to Cid.
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To get to Cardeñuela Riopico we will do it following the BU-V-7011 that will take us to it after passing through Orbaneja Riopico, we will find this road in the town of Villafría in the middle of N-I at a short distance from Burgos, direction Vitoria.
There is a bus service every Tuesday, Thursday and Friday that runs from the Burgos bus station to Cardeñuela Riopico and vice versa. To use this means of transport you must call the day before to the free telephone 900 204 020.
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