It is located in a region of great wine interest, northwest of La Rioja, on a plain irrigated by the river Oja. Naharruri is the name with which the current Casalarreina is mentioned in documents from the 12th century. At that time the López de Haro, to whom it belonged, donated it to the Abadía de Cañas which, centuries later, sold it to Haro, the monastery reserving the ownership of the lordship of the place.
In the last years of the 15th century, it could be that it was when it became known as the Queen's House. It was in 1671 when it became independent from Haro and with its current name, Casalarreina, it obtained the status of independent place and town. Later Pope Adriano VI, then still Adriano de Utrecht, who was in Castile trying to quell a revolt, was invited by the Bishop of Calahorra to attend the inauguration of the convent of the Dominican mothers of La Piedad.
Casalarreina has a rich architectural heritage, both civil and religious, the Dominican Convent of La Piedad, the parish church of San Martín, both from the 16th century, the set of noble palaces, among which the Palace de los Condestables, the Palace de Pobes and the Palace del Marqués del Puerto stand out.
The Romanesque hermitage of San Román de Ajugarte should be mentioned, which must have been the parish church of an old medieval village and which today is privately owned. The bridge over the river Oja, which was initially made of wood in the 16th century, in the same location as the present one, which dates back to the 19th century and which was designed and built at the same time as the layout of the road that links Gimileo with Pancorbo. We can also rest and enjoy nature in its parks and gardens, walk along the banks of the river Oja and refresh ourselves with the shade provided by the groves of its recreational areas, or live the social atmosphere of its squares.
In August is celebrated the day of the patron saint of the municipality, San Vítores. It is a festivity where the Queens of the festivities are proclaimed. San Juan, on the 24th of June, is one of the most important for the citizens of Casalarreina, and one of the most deeply rooted. At the end of September is celebrated the feast of the Virgen del Campo, who is the patron saint of the village. Another curious celebration is that of Santa Águeda, on the 5th of February, where the "mozos" who used to go to the military ask for and celebrate this Saint.
El Soto is a communal mountain where, since time immemorial, the residents of the town of Casalarreina had the right to plant as many trees as they wanted provided they did not harm others. A shepherd guard was in charge of the working cattle of the neighbours who grazed on the mountain and controlled the cutting of trees. In the recreational area of La Fuente Pobes a picnic is celebrated on the day of San Juan, June 24th.
There is a belief, not confirmed historically, that after residing Queen Juana I of Castile (Juana La Loca), in the Palace of Los Condes Fernández de Velasco, ordered to change the name of Naharruri, to the current name of Casalarreina, but there is no documentary evidence to support it, so it is not known for sure the origin of its current place name.
It seems that in ancient times the municipality was known by the name of "ojoculo", although it does not appear in official documents and the origin of this name is unknown. The origin of "ojoculo" seems to be a popular legend, since the valley of the river Oja was called "oxo xulo" ("beautiful valley"), from where it derived "ojoculo".
Casalarreina is reached following the N-126 from the nearby town of Haro, on this same road is the toll access to the AP-68 motorway. We can also arrive by the N-232 between Logroño and Pancorbo, in addition the LR-111 joins it with Santo Domingo de la Calzada and Ezcaray, the LR-311 joins it with Zarratón and the LR-310 with Cihuri.
There are several daily bus lines with stop in Casalarreina that make the routes to Bilbao, Vitoria, Logroño, Santander or Burgos.
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3:15 h.12.7 km.
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