It is a town integrated into the beautiful Baztan Valley in the north of Navarra, in the heart of the Atlantic Pyrenees, and is made up of three districts, Apote, Ordoqui and Iperburu, being the second population of the municipality of Baztan by number of inhabitants. Many prehistoric remains remain in Irurita and so do its megalithic monuments, such as the dolmens of Argibel. In the rock of the Generals are the burial mounds of Argintzo and Luurzuo, and those found in Urlizte and Armatela. The name Irurita appears in the list of Navarrese towns conquered by Alfonso VIII of Castile, when King Sancho VII the Strong was in some incursion into lands occupied by the Moors. At that time, 13th century, there was already talk of a royal castle of Irurita, of which no remains, it is also known that the mill of the place was royal property. The history of Irurita goes hand in hand with that of the valley. The 18th century brought about a profound social and economic transformation throughout the region. The towers-fortress ceased to be defensive elements and became palatial seats for the nobles, due to the large amount of money brought by the American Indians and the important posts of the Baztaneses. This prosperous local economy lasted until the first third of the 20th century. Irurita today is a current locality that proudly displays its deep-rooted history, culture and customs.
Irurita, immersed in a bucolic and beautiful natural environment, has a civil architecture in which the palaces and emblazoned houses stand out from the rest of the houses. The Plaza de Irurita, built in 1898, also known as the Plaza del Rebote because it houses the laxoa or glove ball court, which is one of the oldest forms of pelota, offers interesting examples of Gothic and Baroque style in its constructions, such as the house of the Gastón de Iriarte, an example of an 18th century towered palace. The palace-house of the Dukes of Goyeneche whose main façade, in addition to the coats of arms, has two víctores awarded to two illustrious sons of this house. The palace of the Marquis of Casa Torre or Jauregizuria is a traditional example of palace baztanes of cape of armeria whose primitive defensive tower is of centuries XIV and XV to which later in century XVIII the baroque palace was added; it is of private property belonging to the same family from 1.437 and in its interior documents are kept that accredit the old nobility of the lineage of its owners.
On the outskirts of the village, a medieval Gothic construction stands out. It is the palace of Dorrea or Jauregizarra, the oldest building in Baztan that is still standing and which in the year 1496 was already included among the twelve houses of ancient lineage of the Kingdom of Navarra. Here the family emblem of the Baztán was found on the ground, framed by the crosses of San Andrés, which was given to the Baztan in recognition of their participation in the Battle of Baeza that took place on the day of San Andrés in the year 1277. The parish church of Salvador de Irurita was built in the eighteenth century possibly on top of a previous temple. Inside the town's cemetery is the hermitage of Santa Bárbara and next to the old flour mill you can admire a medieval one-eyed bridge that crosses the river Bidasoa.
Irurita celebrates its patron saint fiestas in honour of El Salvador in the month of May more or less due to the Ascension.
The black eagle-shaped cheers that adorn the façades of Irurita's most stately homes are emblems with which the Town Hall distinguished its illustrious sons who managed to prosper in Madrid's court and in the new world.
In Irurita is the only example that is preserved in the valley of a forge, where on its covered porch, from yesteryear and until recently the cattle were shoeing.
It is said that many, many years ago the neighbors of neighboring villages came together to celebrate and rejoice. From Ciga a few came and brought themselves to the minstrel dancing the dance of the "lacayo" or "lezayo". The people of Irurita didn't like it very much and they invited the minstrel to stop touching. The people of Ciga did not agree to it and as a consequence a dispute was established between them in which some were hurt and the others punished for having provoked the dispute.
Irurita can be reached from Pamplona on the N-121-A towards Irún. At Oronoz Mugaire, follow the N-121-B towards France via Dantxarinea. On this road between the towns of Arraioz and Elizondo we will find the accesses to Irurita. Another possibility is through the NA-2540 that from Berroeta on the N-121-A reaches Irurita before passing through Zigaurre. Also from Irurita there is the NA-1740 that connects the town with Eugi.
Irurita has a bus stop that connects it with Elizondo, Pamplona and other nearby towns.
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10:00 h.501 km.
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