Located on the right bank of the Maurien ravine, a tributary of the River Salado, it is a council in the municipality of the Yerri valley, a very extensive valley that extends from north to south from the mountainous foothills of the Andía mountain range to the River Ega. In Lorca, King García IV of Pamplona died on 26 November 1150. Between Lorca and the municipality of Villatuerta, Gascón de Murillo founded a hospital in the year 1,175.
The town has been documented since the 13th century as it is the seat of the encomienda de San Salvador, dependent on Santa María de Roncesvalles. In 1847 it had a school, the vicar of the parish was presented by the king or the chapter of Roncesvalles, depending on the month in which the square was vacant. Lorca had its relevance in the history of the Carlist Wars.
In Lorca is the parish of San Salvador, which dates from the late twelfth century, although in the eighteenth and twentieth century has been restored and reformed. Walking along the main street we see a 17th century house with an 18th century Baroque coat of arms. Another house, on one side of the square, composed of two bodies and attic and dated in 1782, as well as several coats of arms and coats of arms of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in different facades. The proximity of natural enclaves such as Montejurra, Urbasa or the Alloz reservoir give us the opportunity to enjoy the landscape, promenades and hikes.
The patron saint fiestas are in honour of La Ascensión del Salvador and are celebrated at the end of May, with no fixed date. On 15 May, the day of San Isidro, a mass is officiated. The valley festival is held, by drawing lots among the towns that make it up, on the first weekend in June.
It is a tradition that the weekend before the patron saint's festivities, a pilgrimage goes to the hermitage of San Cristóbal de Iraquí, where a mass is celebrated and a popular meal is served. On Palm Sunday after the procession all the branches are gathered in the square and burned, the ashes are kept and used in the ash Wednesday liturgy.
King Alfonso XII decided to support the troops that were fighting in the Second Carlist War. In January 1875 he lived with the troops in Navarre and took over the positions of the Carrascal, but the Carlist general Mendiri retreated and attacked the troops of General Barges who were in Lacar. The success of Mendiri was total, fleeing in disbanded the alfonsinas or guiris troops. King Alfonso XII, together with the command of the troops, were stationed in the fort of Monte Esquinza, in the hermitage of San Cristóbal, strategically located between the Carlists of Montejurra and Santa Bárbara in Mañeru. This may be the explanation for the fact that in Madrid there is a street with the name of Monte Esquinza, belonging to the small Navarrese village of Lorca. The locals of Lorca can be heard as a curious "chascarrillo" when, due to the cold of that morning, the king covered himself with shepherd's clothes.
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Lorca can be reached via the Camino dual carriageway that links Pamplona-Logroño, linking with the NA-7320 in the direction of Valle de Yerri and then the NA-1110.
There is a regular bus service from Logroño to Pamplona with a stop in Lorca.
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