It is a place that the Way of Saint James crosses and that belongs to the municipality of Arzúa. Its small population is scattered in three nuclei, Ribadiso da Baixo, Ribadiso da Riba and Ribadiso de Carretera. The history of Ribadiso da Baixo is linked to the French Way, as the place has been welcoming pilgrims for centuries. At first its hospital, known as San Antonio, which was once ruled by the Franciscan Tertiary Nuns of the convent of Santa Cristina da Pena was then the brotherhood of silversmiths of Santiago who took charge of it, and then and through a contract of assignment extended in time until the third generation, was the noble Rodrigo Sánchez de Boado who took charge of the hospital on condition to keep it in perfect condition and give asylum to pilgrims.
Ribadiso da Baixo is a magical village on the Way that, surrounded by a bucolic landscape, shows a small group of typical slate houses. In order to save the river Iso, on whose bank the village is developed, the 12th century bridge, of late Gothic construction, presumes to be the oldest in the council of Arzúa and next to it is the old Hospital de San Antón de Ponte de Ribadiso of the 15th century, today converted into a hostel.
Ribadiso celebrates its festivities on 14 and 15 August, also celebrates Nuestra Señora de la Asunción.
In a document dated in the 16th century it is said that the rector of the hospital, which was here, had the obligation to assist and help the pilgrims, who in the parasen, with all kinds of charity.
Near Ribadiso are the archaeological remains of a Castro, and legend has it that in the place lived a very poor girl, only the family owned a calf and a cow that Mariquina, as the girl was called, was in charge of taking them to pasture. One day, returning home, he felt thirsty and approached a fountain there. As soon as he got his lips wet, he began to hear a beautiful melody as everything lit up. In the middle of the glow appeared the figure of a beautiful woman who introduced herself as the fairy of the fountain and gave him a bag with money on the condition that he did not tell anyone and that every time he returned he had to bring a piece of cheese that they made at home. Mariquina did so and the fairy from time to time gave her some money again. One day the girl's mother realized that she was taking two pieces of cheese before going with the animals and when she asked her who the second piece was for, she insisted so much on knowing that the poor girl told her about the fountain and the fairy, then the mother let her go without further questions. At dusk the woman began to worry about her daughter's delay, suddenly she felt noises outside and peeking out she saw how only the animals returned and no matter how much she looked for Mariquina, she never knew again.
To get to Ribadiso da Baixo we have to follow the N-547 that joins Santiago de Compostela and Lugo. You will find the access road to the town shortly after leaving Arzúa in the direction of Melide.
Ribadiso de Baixo has a bus stop that covers the route Lugo-Santiago de Compostela daily at different times. For further information the telephone number is 981 563 238.
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