It is located on the banks of a very young river Duero between the hill of Mirón and the hill of the Castle. Its municipal district is made up of the city of Soria, the Barrio Las Casas and the towns of Oteruelos, Pedrajas and Toledillo. Around Soria, remains of Iron Age settlements have been found, and very close to the site of present-day Soria is the archaeological site of Numancia, whose history tells of the wars of the Celtiberian people, who lived here, against their besiegers the Romans. But of these and of those who arrived later, the Visigoths, few traces remain, as well as of the period of Muslim domination. During the Reconquest, the area of Soria had a high strategic value as a border between the Christian and Muslim kingdoms. It is believed that Soria, as a population nucleus, was born at the beginning of the 12th century when King Alfonso I el Batallador granted it the Short Charter that made people from different places settle in it.
The following years, with the struggles for territory between Castilians, Navarrese and Aragonese, made Soria maintain its privileged strategic location. The city prospered rapidly during the reign of Alfonso VIII who, in 1134, incorporated it definitively into Castilla and granted it the Fuero Extenso. Alfonso X the Wise established his court in Soria for a short period of time and granted it the Royal Charter and constituted the Honourable Council of the Mesta, the driving force behind Soria's economy in the following centuries. The walled enclosure of Soria is the work of his successor, Sancho IV. Infante Don Juan granted it the title of city in the 14th century, a century in which Soria experienced important events and revolts such as the surrender of the city to Beltrán Du Guesclin by Enrique II, in payment for his support in the first Castilian war against his half-brother Pedro I of Castilla, the Cruel or the Justiciero, a surrender that the residents opposed, causing the assault on the city by the troops of the French mercenary.
In this century the 12 Soria Lineages are also created and national courts are held. The following 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th centuries bring for Soria the loss of political importance, recovering some of its strategic-military role in the history of Spain with the War of Succession, in which Castilla supported Felipe V and the old crown of Aragon as Valencia, the Balearic Islands, Aragon and Catalonia, no. The first half of the 19th century was not favourable for Soria, which was impoverished in terms of wealth and population, as it suffered significant damage in the War of Independence against the French, part of its walls were demolished, and the Mesta and the Cabaña Real de Carreteros were put to an end. The 20th century and its historical events marked and structurally changed the city, which in recent decades has seen its population grow to the detriment of the smaller centres of the province.
The charming city of Soria bewitches the visitor, who wanders through its streets and is enthralled by its squares, with magical corners where its history and culture also emerge through a real architectural museum how are your buildings. Saving the waters of the Duero River and in an emblematic setting, between San Polo and San Saturio, is the medieval bridge, also called the Major or Stone Bridge, whose existence is already referenced in documents in the year 1157. It was restored in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was restored in the 17th and 18th centuries. The wall and the castle, which were demolished during the War of Independence, date from the same period and only a few small paintings can be seen. On the banks of the Duero, on its left bank, the Monastery of San Polo dates back to the beginning of the 13th century and its origin is linked to the Templars. The interior of the square head of the church has been restored from the old monastery. The Templars, together with the military order of the Hospitallers of San Juan de Duero, defended the main entrance to the city. The Monastery of San Juan de Duero, also known as the Arches of San Juan de Duero, forms a Romanesque architectural complex whose construction dates back to between the 12th and 13th centuries and of which only the cloister and the church remain. Also on the banks of the Duero and hanging over it, built on a rocky outcrop at the end of the 17th century, is the hermitage of San Saturio.
The hermitage of Nuestra Señora del Mirón, built in the 18th century on the Romanesque ruins of a previous temple, is located on the Mirón hill, next to the wall and the castle. A walk starts from it, the Paseo del Mirón that leads to the viewpoint of Los Cuatro Vientos. Churches, such as San Nicolás, today in ruins, Santa María la Mayor, built on top of another Romanesque church dedicated to San Gil, Nuestra Señora del Espino, in the Plateresque style although its origin dates back to the 12th century, El Carmen, a Renaissance church although the neighbouring convent of Nuestra Señora del Carmen was founded in 1581 by Santa Teresa de Jesús, that of San Juan de Rabanera, Romanesque from the end of the 12th century, that of Santo Domingo, the co-cathedral of San Pedro, built in the 16th century on the site of the previous Romanesque collegiate church; palaces like the one of the Castejones, the palace of Don Diego Solier, the one of the Viscount of Eza or of Los San Clemente, the Renaissance palace of the 16th century of the Rio and Salcedo, the palace of La Audiencia, the house of the Twelve Lineages, the house of the Common, the palace of Doña Urraca.... mark and sprinkle the urbanism of Soria while the green of its parks and gardens puts the note of color and perfume and even musicality, as in the Alameda de Cervantes where the Tree Gordo or Tree of Music, elm several times a hundred years and before the plague of graphography ended with him saw how, as a tree house, was installed a wooden platform where the musicians filled the air with chords. Poetry, music, gastronomy and spectacular natural landscapes make Soria an attractive destination to visit.
Soria celebrates fiestas, which begin on the Thursday after the festival of San Juan, 24 June, in honour of San Juan or the Mother of God, which have been declared a Festival of Regional Tourist Interest in Castilla and Leon. The patron saint of the city, San Saturio, is honoured on the 2nd of October.
The homage that Soria pays to Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer and his legend "El Monte de las Ánimas" on the Night of the Dead has become a traditional and long-awaited event in which tales of mystery and terror are guaranteed. Music, torches, skeletons and souls of knights in full battle, monks giving voice to the legend and to finish and after a concert of medieval and renaissance music, the bonfire where the most "daring and brave" pass barefoot puts the colophon to this terrifying magic night.
The city of Soria has been sung to and given prominence by writers of the stature of Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Gerardo Diego or Antonio Machado and has led to literary events such as the Street Theatre Festival, held in August, the Festival of Souls, or the Campos de Castilla Train.
Once upon a time there was a farmer who, like so many other days, had gone out to prepare his land for sowing, and while he was ploughing with his animals, they came to a point where they stopped and stood still, and no matter how hard man tried to beat them, they would not move. The farmer was walking along in these conditions when he heard a sweet voice, like a whisper of the wind, saying "Look, Mirón. But he was alone. Where did that voice come from? I'd better leave the work for another day, he thought, and saying this he released the mules that he borrowed back to their stables. The man was telling the people what had happened to him, and the authorities decided to go and dig in the place to see if the mysterious event would be solved. Soon they find a chest and inside it the carving of a Virgin. Everyone fell to their knees praying, all except the peasant who in a kind of trance repeated "Look, Mirón,..." It was then that those present understood that the Virgin so miraculously found wanted to receive the name of Nuestra Señora la Virgen del Mirón.
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The N-111 passes through Soria, which connects it with Logroño on the one hand, and on the other, which has now become the A-15, linking it with Medinaceli and the A-2. The national roads N-234 and N-122 also cross Soria and communicate it with Burgos and Calatayud, the first one, and with Valladolid, Aranda del Duero and Tarazona the second one.
The Soria bus station, located at Avenida de Valladolid, 40, is served by regular public transport buses from the main cities and capitals.
Soria has a train station, El Cañuelo, whose service covers the Torralba-Soria line and connects the city of Soria with the Madrid-Barcelona line.
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