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Did you know that... Saint Jean Pied de Port

 

It is situated on a plain, on both sides of the river Nive or Errobia. The town centre was first configured on the right bank of the river. This first site was formed by the districts of Villa Alta and Ciudadela, with Saint-Jacques dating back to the Pilgrim's Way to Santiago, and Villa Baja to the right of the river. On the left bank is the most modern district of Saint-Michel, now Calle de España. Located around a prehistoric route that later became a Roman road and given its location at the foot of the Ports of Cize and along the great route through the Pyrenees through Roncesvalles, Saint Jean Pied de Port lived an important destination since the Middle Ages as a border city, stronghold, place of garrison, center of passage of pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela and commercial crossroads. From its foundation at the end of the 12th century, on the initiative of the King of Navarre, it became the key city of the kingdom in its lands on the northern face of the Pyrenees. Its inhabitants were granted a charter, which was confirmed and renewed by the successive kings of Navarre, in which the rights, customs, duties and privileges of the local people were set out. Charles II of Navarre described the city as the key to his kingdom and in 1367 he granted a letter of ennoblement and postage to its inhabitants.

River Nive or Errobia in Saint Jean Pied de Port

A little more history

 

The 15th century was marked by a long civil war that weakened the kingdom of Navarre. The Catholic Monarchs ordered the Duke of Alba, in July 1512, to invade Navarre. This lightning campaign resulted in the conquest of Pamplona, the crossing of the port of Roncesvalles and the conquest of the fortress of Saint Jean Pied de Port in August. It remained under Castilian rule until 1529, when Charles I left all of Lower Navarre for logistical and military reasons. During the religious wars, in the 16th century, it suffered attacks and serious fires. In the 17th century, Louis XIII of France united the crowns of France and Navarre. During the Convention War, at the end of the 18th century, it was the centre from which the French attacks against the south of the Pyrenees started. The twentieth century is, above all, that of technological progress and in Saint Jean Pied de Port was undertaken a major refurbishment in improving comfort and convenience for its inhabitants being today a modern town but has not lost its medieval charm.

Saint Jean Pied de Port

What to see in Saint Jean Pied de Port?

 

Rich in its historical heritage, Saint Jean Pied de Port today continues to warmly welcome both pilgrims and the many tourists who enjoy the bucolic and photogenic combination of the river with the old Navarrese style houses that flank it and the bridges that cross it. The historic entrance of pilgrims from Saint Jean le Vieux and the district of Magdalena, is the Gate of Santiago, then cross the city through the streets of the Citadel and Spain to continue in the direction of Santiago not before contemplating the most remarkable buildings that tell us, with their presence, history and past. The Prison of the Bishops of the XIII century that communicates with the neighboring House of the Bishops and that must not have been properly such, but a municipal prison between the XVIII-XIX centuries The church of Notre Dame du Bout du Pont, of the XII century, the head is oriented towards the hill of the Citadel and the feet to the free space of the old medieval market, is constructed in pink stone of Arradoy. The Citadel stands at the top of the hill of Mendiguren, on the site of the ancient medieval castle, constitutes a rare example of walled fortification. The wall of the Spanish quarter was finally completed between 1842 and 1848.

Church of Notre Dame du Bout du Pont in Saint Jean Pied de Port

To discover

 

The bridge of Eyheraberry over the river Nive is a romantic Roman bridge and one of the highlights of San Juan Pie de Puerto. The inscriptions on the doors of almost all their houses are also famous, one of them is from a bakery and you can still read the price of wheat in 1789. Outside the walled enclosure, in the market square is located the Casa Mansard, from the eighteenth century, where the town hall has been installed since 1935. From there, we can enjoy the beautiful views of the village with the mountains in the background, reaching the Mirador de la Media Luna Real by a path of interior round with 269 stairs, or by the Way of the schoolchildren, which is to the left between the two bastions, in the form of a staircase in the forest that communicates with the Way of Santiago.

 

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Festivities

 

The patron saint festivals are held on 15 August, and every Monday there is a market for livestock and various products. On Tuesday of Easter and Pentecost and the 6th of December there are fairs.

 

Curiosities

 

Saint Jean Pied de Port is the starting point of the mythical mountain stage, known as the Ports of Cize, which crosses the Pyrenees and leads to the collegiate church of Roncesvalles, in it converge three of the four major pilgrimage routes through French lands Tours, Puy and Vézelay, the fourth goes through Somport. In the Middle Ages, numerous pilgrims from all over Europe gathered in Saint Jean to face together the dangerous crossing of the Pyrenees, which they used to do through Valcarlos and the port of Ibañeta, at a lower altitude.

Saint Jean Pied de Port start of the French Way

The Legend

 

In this town during the 14th century there were several trials for witchcraft. Jurdana de Irissarry, of herbal profession, Alamana de Méharin accused of committing spells and sent to Pamplona to be judged by the Royal Council and even a Countess is accused of witchcraft and after having her for 35 days in a cell in the castle they manage to extract her confession. In other words, healer, sorceress and witch confesses, all of them condemned to the bonfire as a consequence of the superstition of an era.

 

 


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Getting to Saint Jean Pied de Port by car

 

The main access roads to Saint Jean Pied de Port are the D-918 which, together with the D-932, links it to the coastal towns of Saint Jean de Luz and Bayonne respectively and the D-933 which links it from Guinarthe Parenties, in all cases with direct communication with the A-64 La Pyrénéenne motorway. We can also arrive from the nearby Roncesvalles/Oreaga following the N-135 until the border crossing of Arnéguy and from there on the D-933 that crosses Saint Jean Pied de Port in the direction of the A-64.

 

By bus

 

From March to November there is a daily bus service from Pamplona that covers the Pamplona-Saint Jean Pied de Port route. For further information, the telephone number of the company providing the service is 902 422 242. In France, a bus shuttle service is available all year round on the Saint Palais-Saint Jean Pied de Port-Saint Etienne de Baïgorry route.​ 

 

By train

 

Saint Jean Pied de Port SNCF station. 

Daily connections with Bayonne station.

Avenue Renaud 64220 Saint Jean Pied de Port.

Ticket office open Monday to Saturday from 6 am to 12.15 pm and from 1 pm to 6.30 pm, Sunday and public holidays from 9 am to 12.30 pm and from 1 pm to 7 pm.

 

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SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to .    

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Listado de experiencias
Mendiola,apartamentos de montaña
Created the 26-10-2015
(5)

Una descripción fantástica de la ruta .

Fernando Vazquez
Created the 31-01-2015
(5)

Siempre que he hecho el Camino Francés he empezado allí. Que recuerdos!!!

List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Remarkable

7:05 h.23.5 km.

Stage 01b Variant of Valcarlos
Difficulty-RemarkableRed difficulty category, level 2. Stages with large slopes or important distances, which require good physical preparation.
MOUNTAIN WAY OF SAINT JAMES
2
Difficulty-High

8:05 h.24.8 km.

Stage 01 Saint Jean Pied de Port-Roncesvalles
Difficulty-HighRed Difficulty Category, level 3. Mountain stages in low-lying terrain, where there are no major difficulties. They need sufficient experience and training for this type of terrain. These are fairly "easy" itineraries with gentle mountain slopes.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Moderate

5:35 h.21.7 km.

Stage 02 Orreaga-Roncesvalles-Zubiri
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category. Level 1. More demanding stages, either because they are longer, with a greater unevenness or present a specific difficulty.
IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Medium

2:00 h.4 km.

Footbridge of Holzarte
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Medium

5:00 h.20.8 km.

Stage 03 Zubiri-Pamplona/Iruña
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category. Level 3. Stages of moderate distance and slope, not overcoming great distances or slopes.
IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Medium

2:00 h.4 km.

Gorges of Kakueta
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
The Irati Forest
Ochagavía-Otsagabia, Navarra
The Irati Forest
Royal Eugi Ammunition Factory
Eugui/Eugi, Navarra
Royal Eugi Ammunition Factory

A milestone in the economic history of Navarre and Spain in the 18th century

Cave of Zugarramurdi
Zugarramurdi, Navarra
Cave of Zugarramurdi
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Muskilda
Ochagavía-Otsagabia, Navarra
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Muskilda
Señorío de Bertiz Natural Park
Oyeregui/Oieregi, Navarra
Señorío de Bertiz Natural Park

The historical and artistic garden of Bertiz

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Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques
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Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques

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Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques
See accommodation in Saint Jean Pied de Port

Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques

See things to do in Saint Jean Pied de Port
Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques
See things to do in Saint Jean Pied de Port

Saint Jean Pied de Port, Pyrénées Atlantiques

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