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Did you know that... Viana

 

It is located in the southwest of Navarre, on a promontory that opens towards the Ebro depression from the mountainous line of the Codés mountain range. Since time immemorial, it has been a pass for pilgrims who have followed the French Way of Saint James. Although there are vestiges of prehistoric settlements in the area, the origins of Viana date back to Roman times. Its name could come from the primitive Vinetum. King Sancho VII the Strong officially founded Viana in 1219 with a clearly defensive objective against Castile. Scholars say that it was John II, King of Navarre and Aragon, who gave him his coat of arms for the heroism shown in the city's defence against Castile. This coat of arms appears in a document dated 1.291. The king of Navarre, Charles III, in the first half of the 15th century, instituted for him and for all the heirs of the crown, the principality of Viana. 

Viana

A little more history

 

In Viana was buried César Borgia, who died, in an ambush in a nearby open field, at the hands of the men of the Count of Lerín when he had come to help his brother-in-law the Navarrese king Juan de Labrit to recover Viana for Navarre. The king ordered that Borgia's remains be buried in a sumptuous sepulchre in the main chapel of the church of Santa María. In 1512 King Ferdinand the Catholic incorporated it, along with other towns in the area, into the kingdom of Castile. The people of Viana participated in the war of Independence as well as in the Carlists. After obtaining the title of city in 1630, granted by Philip VI of Navarre, the nobles who settled there ordered the construction of multiple civil and religious buildings, giving it a period of intense development.

 

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What to see in Viana?

 

To visit Viana is to find a city in which its buildings and monuments remind, without losing the perspective of the present, its long and important history. The Town Hall, built at the end of the 17th century, conserves small coats of arms of the city. Numerous palace-houses with noble coats of arms and stately facades such as those of the Añoa and Busto, the Ripa, the Ichaso mansion, the palaces of the Dicastillo, Urra or Cereceda and the old hospital of Nuestra Señora de Gracia, now the Casa de Cultura and Public Library. 

Viana Town Hall

To discover

 

As a fortified square, the main mission for which it was created, it preserves, oriented towards each cardinal point, the portals leading to the city: San Felices to the west, Santa María or San Juan to the north, Estella to the west and La Solana to the south. Parts of the walls and tower structures are still preserved. The first church built was that of San Pedro, in the 13th century, located on the west side of the walled enclosure, with a side nave standing, part of its head, the transcoro, the tower, and the Baroque façade. The parish church of Santa Maria, has the character of a fortress, is Gothic style of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, has undergone numerous reforms in subsequent centuries, in front of the Renaissance front, which is a real altarpiece made of stone, on the floor, is the tombstone of Caesar Borgia. On the outskirts of Viana, on the Way to Saint James and near the border with La Rioja, is located the hermitage of the Virgen de Cuevas, was the old church of the pre-Roman town of "Covas", which joined Viana in 1219. But the city also offers rest and enjoyment of nature with its picnic areas, excursions around and even a dive into the time of megalithic culture.

Parish Church of Santa María in Viana

Festivities

 

In September, a pilgrimage is made to the hermitage of the Virgen de Cuevas, and a pilgrimage is repeated on Easter Monday. The patron saint fiestas are in honour of Santa María Magdalena and Santiago, on 25 July. The small festivities are in commemoration of the Virgin of Nieva and have been celebrated since 1737, when the Dominican friar from Viana Miguel Martínez brought from Nieva, in Segovia, an image of the Virgin who was famous in her land for being a defender against lightning and sparks.

 

Traditions

 

The feast of San Felices or the Foundation is celebrated on 1 February because tradition has it that the Navarrese king Sancho VII "El Fuerte" when he founded the city of Viana in February 1219, placed the first stone of the same in the portal of San Felices. In the same square, a milestone commemorates the figure of the king and the day of the foundation 1 February 1219. 

Church of San Pedro de Viana

Curiosities

 

In the Laguna de Las Cañas or Embalse del Salobre, declared a Natural Reserve, "El Bordón" a bird observatory was built to monitor and study them. The presence of European mink in the streams near the reservoir is noteworthy.

 

The Legend

 

From Endregoto, the blind witch of Viana, they said she gave back the youth. Believing it so, an incautious nobleman came to her for that purpose, and the witch ready to fulfill his wish shattered him and mixed the pieces with his magic potion in a kettle, but the count not only did not regain youth but not even regained life. Thus, without understanding what failed, Endregoto died at the bonfire in Logroño, accused by the Inquisition of the count's homicide. According to some writings it is said that the "Prado Salobre", next to the current Laguna de Las Cañas, was a meeting place where the witches and sorcerers of the region celebrated their covens, to which they arrived flying over brooms or fantastic animals.                

 

 


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Getting to Viana by car

 

Viana can be reached by the national road N-111 that joins the town with Logroño and by the NA-1110 that comes from Los Arcos. The NA-6320 connects it with the Way motorway between Pamplona/Iruña and Logroño. The N-7230 also links it with the nearby towns of Aras, Moreda de Álava and Labraza.

 

By bus

 

There is a daily bus service to Viana that connects it with Logroño and Pamplona/Iruña.​

 

 

 


SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to .

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List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
MOUNTAIN CULTURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Moderate

3:00 h.7.6 km.

Joar and the Plana from the Sanctuary of Codés
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding routes, either because they are longer, more steep or have a specific difficulty.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Moderate

6:55 h.27.4 km.

Stage 06 Los Arcos-Logroño
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category. Level 1. More demanding stages, either because they are longer, with a greater unevenness or present a specific difficulty.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Remarkable

8:20 h.35.1 km.

Stage 05 Cirauqui-Zirauki-Los Arcos
Difficulty-RemarkableRed difficulty category. Level 2. Stages with great slopes or important distances, which require good physical preparation.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

72:00 h.521 km.

Route through the charming villages of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

8:50 h.378 km.

Route of the Castles and Fortresses of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Routes with little slope and without difficulties.
House of Sciences
Logroño, La Rioja
House of Sciences

Centenary of the industrial heritage building of Logroño

Sanctuary of Our Lady of Codés
Torralba del Río, Navarra
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Codés
Village of La Hoya
Laguardia, Álava - Araba
Village of La Hoya

Traveling to pre-Roman protohistory

Castle of Clavijo
Clavijo, La Rioja
Castle of Clavijo

History, legends and traditions

Izki Natural Park
Corres-Korres, Álava - Araba
Izki Natural Park
Las Gobas Archaeological Site
Laño, Burgos
Las Gobas Archaeological Site
Castle of Davalillo
San Asensio, La Rioja
Castle of Davalillo

Nice viewpoint of La Rioja Alta and Sonsierra

Hermitage of Saint Mary of the Pool
San Vicente de la Sonsierra, La Rioja
Hermitage of Saint Mary of the Pool
Monastery of Santa María la Real
Nájera, La Rioja
Monastery of Santa María la Real

Emblematic place that reflects the stages of history, art and culture of the area

Wine Culture Museum
Briones, La Rioja
Wine Culture Museum

Where the universe of wine becomes visible

Dolmen of Sorginetxe and Dolmen of Aizkomendi
Arrizala, Álava - Araba
Dolmen of Sorginetxe and Dolmen of Aizkomendi
Estate of Ribavellosa
Almarza de Cameros, La Rioja
Estate of Ribavellosa

Where numerous and varied ecosystems coexist

Monastery of Santa María la Real in Iranzu
Abárzuza, Navarra
Monastery of Santa María la Real in Iranzu

At the bottom of a valley near a river and as horizon the sky

Natural Park of Urbasa and Andía
Zudaire, Navarra
Natural Park of Urbasa and Andía

Between the mountains and the Middle Zone of Navarre

Sanctuary of Our Lady of Estíbaliz
Argandoña, Álava - Araba
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Estíbaliz

Home of the Patron Saint of Alava, a jewel of Alava's Romanesque style.

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Viana, Navarra
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Viana, Navarra

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Viana, Navarra
See accommodation in Viana

Viana, Navarra

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Viana, Navarra
See things to do in Viana

Viana, Navarra

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