Still close to the autonomous community of La Rioja and with geographical and environmental similarities of the lands of the Bajos Tirón and Oja, the French Way from Castildelgado and in the direction of Villamayor del Río reaches it.
Viloria de Rioja appears in documents for the first time around 1.028. It is named Villaoria, which possibly means Villa Áurea or de Oria, perhaps mentioning the name of some woman who played an important role in the foundation of the town; although its existence is earlier, because of its situation had a strong military value against pressure from both Arabs, as well as Navarrese and Castilians. This military action was accompanied by the foundation of most of the existing towns in the area today. The appellation of Rioja with which it completes its name, some say it is for its proximity to this province and others for its link in history with the diocese of Calahorra.
In addition to several houses, which still have their coats of arms and the church of Viloria de Rioja, built in the 11th century although it has undergone various transformations, as can be seen in a mixture of styles ranging from the popular to the Gothic, the remains of the birthplace of Santo Domingo de La Calzada with an inscription alluding to his biography are also preserved in front of the church.
In Viloria de Rioja the festivity of Santo Domingo de La Calzada is celebrated on 12 May. Santa Cristina is on 24 July and on the last Sunday in August Thanksgiving is celebrated.
According to tradition, in the Romanesque-style baptismal font preserved in the church of Viloria de Rioja, it was baptised Santo Domingo de La Calzada.
Santo Domingo de la Calzada is the distinguished son of Viloria. In its 90 years of existence, it served the pilgrims of Compostela on the Way of Saint James, which skims the town of Viloria. Domingo's work was so effective that King Alfonso VI entrusted him with the improvement of the French Way throughout the stretch of his kingdom, that is, from Logroño to the end in Compostela.
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Viloria de Rioja is connected to the N-120, which links Logroño with Burgos, by a local road. Also by local roads we can reach Viloria from the nearby towns of Quintanar de Rioja, Bascuñana and San Pedro de Monte.
There is a daily bus service, which covers the Haro-Belorado line, with a stop in Viloria de Rioja.
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