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Did you know that... the Castle of Javier

 

It is located on a hill in the town of Javier, dominating an impressive valley and almost in the muga with Aragon. The Castle of Javier dates from the X-XI centuries, Esabierre, word of the euskera, Etxeberri that means "new house" and that is where the name of Javier comes from, was an isolated defensive tower, placed strategically between the kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon. The fortress and the town that was created around it were definitively incorporated into the kingdom of Navarre when Prince Ferdinand of Aragon gave it, in 1223, to King Sancho VII of Navarra, the Fort, as a guarantee for a loan that he did not repay. In 1236 the castle was donated by King Theobald I to Adam of Sada and later the Azpilicueta and the Jasso were their lords.

Castle of Javier

A little more history

 

But if the Castle of Javier is known for something, it is because it was the cradle and dwelling place of San Francisco Javier, born there in 1506. The Lords of Javier, María de Azpilicueta and her husband Juan Jaso defended the independence of the Navarrese kingdom and this was the reason why in 1516 Cardinal Cisneros ordered the demolition of the castle but fortunately only some tower fell down. Inheritance after inheritance the property of the fortress passed into the hands of the House of Villahermosa. At the end of the 19th century the building was in ruins but at the beginning of the 20th century and on the initiative of its owners the dukes Villahermosa-Goyeneche began its restoration giving it the appearance that it looks today, the building of the basilica was also built and later the duchess of Villahermosa on the condition that they keep them, donated them to the Society of Jesus.

 

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What to see in Javier Castle?

 

The architectural ensemble formed by the castle and the basilica gives a sensation of robustness, perhaps due to the fact that they are built with perfectly carved and fitted stone. A drawbridge transports the visitor and turns him into a traveller in time, immersing him in a world of towers, parade ground, where the sound of the interbreeding of swords or the neighing of horses, dungeons can be heard...

Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady in the Castle of Javier

To discover

 

Three towers rise up wanting to compete in height, but the one that dominates is the Homage Tower, called San Miguel, is where the castle had its origin and one of the oldest constructions of this type in Navarre. The tower of Undués once housed a small wine cellar and the tower of the Christ that houses a chapel with the Christ of the Smile, a beautiful Gothic carving in walnut wood from the 14th century. Returning to our time and outside the castle you can see the basilica, which can be accessed by a staircase, and on the tympanum of its façade are written the names of the different places visited by Francisco Javier, and in the crypt are the tombs of the Lords who reconstructed the castle. In the surroundings, a little further away and protected by a grove, the parish church, abdicated to the Annunciation of Our Lady and a baptismal font located below the choir and built in the fifteenth century, keep the memory of the baptism of the saint. This abbey was built by the parents of St. Francis Xavier to house the clergy responsible for the spiritual life of the family and the people of the village.

Javier's Castle and its three towers

Traditions

 

The Javierada is a Navarra tradition that was institutionalized in 1940. Normally the first weekend of March is a march in the direction of the Castle of Javier, it is about walking on all the last eight kilometers. But the origins of this tradition date back to 1886 when thousands of Navarrese went on pilgrimage to Javier as a prayer for the last cholera epidemic in the nineteenth century. 

 

Curiosities

 

The town of Javier originated around the castle and its inhabitants worked the lands and livestock of the Lords of Javier and it was not until the 1960s of the last century when it was located in the place it currently occupies. The coat of arms of the Lords of Javier is currently being used as the coat of the town of Javier.

Monument to San Francisco Javier next to the Castle of Javier

Useful information for visiting the Castle of Javier

 

The castle and museum can be visited from:

  • March to October in uninterrupted schedule from 10 in the morning to 7 in the afternoon.
  • The month of November is from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
  • December, January and February the visit is from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

For further information the telephone number is 948 884 024.

 

The Legend

 

It is said that the 14th century Santo Cristo, which is in the chapel of the Christ tower in the castle, was sweating blood when St. Francis Xavier was going through some difficult time and that the last time he did so was the day he died.

 

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Get to Javier

 

The town of Javier can be reached either from Yesa, on the A-21 motorway between Pamplona and Jaca, or from Sangüesa following the NA-510 road that joins the two towns. On this road, shortly after leaving Yesa in the direction of Sangüesa, you will find the detour that leads to Javier. Javier is also reached by the CV-684 road, which connects it with the town of Undués de Lerda, already in the province of Zaragoza.​

 

Once there

 

If we get to Javier from Yesa or from Sangüesa the Castle of Javier we will find it practically in the same crossing with the road that leads towards the locality, whereas if we do it from Undués de Lerda we will have to continue a little more ahead leaving behind the entrance to the locality. In the surroundings of the castle we will have ample zones of parking where to be able to leave our vehicle.

 

 

 


SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to

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List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
IN FAMILY CULTURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

0:40 h.2 km.

Path of the Fountain of San Virila
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
PATHS IN FAMILY CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

1:05 h.3.6 km.

Foz of Arbayún
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
PATHS NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

2:00 h.6.4 km.

Trinity and Lumbier Trail
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
FLORA AND FAUNA PATHS IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
2
Difficulty-Adapted

1:00 h.3.6 km.

Foz of Lumbier
Difficulty-AdaptedGreen difficulty category, level 1. Itineraries conditioned and prepared for the use and enjoyment of persons with reduced mobility.
FLORA AND FAUNA IN FAMILY CULTURAL HERITAGE
0
Difficulty-Low

0:45 h.3 km.

Foz of Burgui
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
FLORA AND FAUNA IN FAMILY
0
Difficulty-Medium

2:45 h.11.6 km.

River Walk of the Arga Section of the Magdalena
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
TOURISM
0
Difficulty-Low

1:30 h.5.6 km.

Pamplona City Walls Route
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

72:00 h.521 km.

Route through the charming villages of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Remarkable

7:10 h.31.5 km.

Stage 04 Pamplona-Iruña-Cirauqui-Zirauki
Difficulty-RemarkableRed difficulty category. Level 2. Stages with great slopes or important distances, which require good physical preparation.
MOUNTAIN
1
Difficulty-Medium

1:45 h.4.8 km.

Mount Ori from the Col of Larrau
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
MOUNTAIN SNOW
0
Difficulty-Medium

1:50 h.4.8 km.

Snowshoe Circuit of Gabardito
Difficulty-MediumCategory of difficulty green, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not even over great distances or unevenness.
IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

0:10 h.1 km.

Cave of Arpea
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
Monastery of San Salvador de Leyre
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Jewel of Ujué, ordered to be constructed by kings

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Sanctuary of Our Lady of Muskilda
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The Irati Forest
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The Irati Forest
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The Cerco de Artajona

Citadel surrounded by walls

Saint Mary of Eunate
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Saint Mary of Eunate

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Bardenas Reales
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Bardenas Reales

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See accommodation in Sangüesa

Sangüesa-Zangoza, Navarra

See accommodation in Ujué
Ujué, Navarra
See accommodation in Ujué

Ujué, Navarra

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