It rises at the top of the Peña de Aranda, adapting and merging with the steep rocky outcrop to dominate the horizon and watch over the town that grew on its edge. The Castle of Peñaranda de Duero is one of those that formed part of the fortified border line between the Christian kingdoms and al-Andalus during the tenth century, being one of the best preserved in Burgos Ribera del Duero, although it seems that its walls and defences could have been built during the repopulation of the area. It is known that there were two churches, San Martín and San Miguel, built at the foot of the same castle. Most of what is currently preserved dates from the 15th century when it was rebuilt by the Counts of Miranda del Castañar. In the 17th century, the fortress must have been uninhabited and practically unusable, so its owner, the Count of Miranda, began to use the palace he owned in the town as an arms depot. In 1931 it was declared a historical-artistic monument.
The Castle of Peñaranda de Duero, originally called "Peña de Aranda", with an elongated floor plan adapting to the terrain, conserves areas and details that show us the importance it had in other times and how life developed at that time. A moat excavated in the rock and saved by a bridge, in its drawbridge origin, keeps the access door that is flanked by two cubes. The walls and the cubes that can be admired in the castle had battlements with arrow slits and pocket slits, which could be used for shooting and were covered by an adarve or round pass. Among the walls and cubes, the Homage Tower stands out, which currently houses the Castles' Interpretation Centre.
A very ancient tradition, linked to the castle and who knows if also with the right of pernada of the feudal era, is that in any wedding celebrated must go up to dance in front of its tower, because according to this tradition "will not be well married those who do not do so.
From the vantage point at the top of the Homage Tower a great panoramic view can be seen. In the distance you can see the castles of Langa de Duero to the south and Coruña del Conde to the east.
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Like any castle that prides itself on Peñaranda de Duero is also a source of legends, one of them speaks of how the devil, in one of his night raids, left the footprint of his foot on the rock where the castle sits. Who is capable of locating it?
Peñaranda de Duero can be reached from Aranda de Duero by following the BU-925 regional road. This road connects Peñaranda de Duero with the N-1 in Aranda de Duero on one side and with Huerta de Rey and the N-234 on the other. Peñaranda de Duero is also reached by the BU-924 from La Vid and the BU-923 from Hontoria de Valdearados. The nearest bus station to Peñaranda de Duero, about 6 kilometres away, is Zazuar, where there are bus connections to Soria and other provincial capitals.
The Castle of Peñaranda de Duero can be reached on foot from the centre of the village, but if you go up by car you have to go in the direction of Huerta del Rey, take the detour on the left that leaves the village towards Hontoria de Valdearados, a little later you will find the detour that indicates the access to the castle.
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