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Did you know that... the cave of Covalanas

 

It is located on the northeastern slope of Mount Pando, also known as La Haza, above the El Mirón cavity, in the municipality of Ramales de la Victoria. This cave, discovered by Lorenzo Sierra and Herminio Alcalde del Río in 1903, served as a dwelling and refuge for Palaeolithic man and is the second cave discovered of Palaeolithic art on the Cantabrian coast, the first being Altamira in 1879. There are common characteristics in painting techniques found in different caves that are grouped around the basins of the rivers Nervión and Sella as well as the Asón, which seems to demonstrate a link and social communication between them. Due to the style of the paintings, they can date from about 20.000 years ago, going from the Upper Palaeolithic to the beginnings of the Magdalenian. The cave of Covalanas began to be fitted out for tourist visits in the middle of the last century and was declared a World Heritage Site in 2008.

Cave of Covalanas

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To discover What to see in the cave of Covalanas?

 

Its entrance is like a hall or, better, distributor from which two galleries come out, the one on the right is the one that houses the cave paintings, it is the Gallery of Paintings and the one on the left is the so-called Gallery of Music. The Gallery of Paintings is a straight line of just over 100 meters. The paintings that can be seen can be found from the middle of the gallery; at the beginning, and in order to set the scene, a series of dots and lines before reaching the first forms of animals, and on the right and left the reddish figures of 18 deer, a deer, a grape, a horse appear... dots, lines and symbols that envelop the visitor in the light of the guide's lantern, the only point of light that enhances and seems to give life to these stony animals. The Gallery of Music in its 85 meters can be admired, especially in its final part, beautiful karstic formations, stalactites, stalagmites ... decorate floor, ceiling and walls. All this, together with the natural conditions of the cave of Covalanas, gives the visitor a pleasant experience.

 

Cave of Covalanas. Image donated by Prehistoric Caves of Cantabria. ©Miguel de Arriba/SRECD

Image donated by Prehistoric Caves of Cantabria. ©Miguel de Arriba/SRECD

 

Curiosities

 

The entrance to the cave of Las Herramientas, as Covalanas is also known, is a splendid viewpoint from where you can admire the valleys of the rivers Calera and Gándara and the San Vicente peak in the Hornijo mountain range.

 

Useful information for visiting the cave of Covalanas

 

  • The visit takes place in groups accompanied by a guide and lasts about 45 minutes.
  • There is a maximum number of visitors per group, season and day, so it is advisable to book and for this a website is available to the visitor: cuevas.culturadecantabria.com, an telephone number: 942 598 425
  • The ticket is collected at the box office at the entrance to the cave at least 15 minutes before the visit.

 

Cave of Covalanas. Image donated by Prehistoric Caves of Cantabria. ©Miguel de Arriba/SRECD

Image donated by Prehistoric Caves of Cantabria. ©Miguel de Arriba/SRECD

 

The Legend

 

This cave, together with those of its surroundings, keeps echoes of stories in them lived not only in prehistory but throughout all the ages of man. They have been refuge in battles, safes where to keep money and treasures and even hideouts of outlaws.

 

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Get to Ramales de la Victoria

 

Ramales de la Victoria is reached by the national road N-629 that joins it on one side with Limpias, Ampuero and Colindres where the A-8 Bilbao-Santander motorway passes. On the other side, the N-629 connects it with Medina de Pomar and Trespaderne. Ramales de la Victoria is also reached by the C-216 road that goes up part of the river Asón and reaches Solares. Ramales de la Victoria has a bus service that makes the journey Ramales-Laredo. In Gibaja, a town in the municipality of Ramales de la Victoria, there is a FEVE train station that covers the Santander-Bilbao line. 

 

Once there

 

From Ramales de la Victoria take the N-629, direction Burgos and a little more than 2 kilometers is located on the left the detour that leads to the parking of the cave. From here, an ascending pedestrian path leads to the mouth of the cave and to the visitor's attention point. Also from Ramales de la Victoria you can take a pleasant walk along the PR-S17 path that leads to the Interpretation Centre and the caves.    

 

 

 


SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to

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Listado de experiencias
Cristina Sanz
Created the 18-07-2016
(5)

Visitamos la Cueva de Covalanas y ya se, por que es la cueva de las ciervas rojas.

List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Adapted

0:15 h.0.32 km.

Lookout of the Gándara River Waterfalls
Difficulty-AdaptedGreen difficulty category, level 1. Itineraries conditioned and prepared for the use and enjoyment of persons with reduced mobility.
PATHS NATURAL HERITAGE
2
Difficulty-Moderate

2:35 h.9.4 km.

Birth of the Asón River
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding courses, either because they are longer, more slope or have a specific difficulty.
CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL HERITAGE
4
Difficulty-Moderate

3:20 h.10.8 km.

Path of the Lighthouse of the Horse and the cliffs
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding courses, either because they are longer, more uneven or have a specific difficulty.
PATHS CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Medium

2:40 h.10.4 km.

Path of the Ventanón
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

0:15 h.0.8 km.

Waterfall of Mea
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
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