It is located on the left side of the arch of the Star and attached to it is the hermitage of Peace, built in the year 1756 next to some wide steps that give access to the walled area of medieval Caceres, is the most emblematic construction of the Main Square of Caceres. The Tower of Bujaco, also known as the New Tower, is a magnificent albarran tower built by the Arabs in the twelfth century on Roman ashlars. It is adjacent to and separate from the wall but connected to it by a bridge, which could easily be destroyed if the tower fell into enemy hands; its function was to serve as a defensive watchtower. The wall of Cáceres links the Tower of Bujaco with its neighbouring towers, La Hierba and El Horno. With a square floor plan and 25 metres high, it is the largest and one of the best known of the walled enclosure. It is topped by a series of battlements, two matacanes and a frontal one that was added in the 18th century. Its current appearance is determined by the reforms that the tower underwent during the 14th and 15th centuries to give it a taste more in keeping with those times.
Facing the Main Square, a balcony known as the Balcony of the Fueros was opened in the 16th century. For some time, between the 16th and 18th centuries it housed a clock, and for this reason it was also known as the Clock Tower, this clock is today in the church of San Mateo. There are two theories about the origin of its name, some say that it is due to the Caliph Abu Yá-qub who, after conquering the city, remodelled the tower and others consider it more probable that it is due to the fact that between the years 1820 and 1962 a statue of the Androgynous Genius was placed in the tower, "buhaco" as it was called by the inhabitants of Cáceres; buhaco is the name given to a doll made of straw and felt. The Genius Androgyne is popularly known today as the goddess Ceres, this statue was moved to the Forum of the Balbos. The Tower of Bujaco is currently open to the public and houses the Centre for the Interpretation of the Three Cultures. From the top of the tower, a privileged viewpoint offers a good panoramic view of the monumental city of Cáceres.
During the festivities of San Jorge, patron saint of Caceres, it is traditional to raise the banner, a replica of the one used during the reconquest of the city in 1229, from the balcony of the town hall. Previously this act was done on the balcony of the Tower of Bujaco, known as the Balcony of the Fueros or balcony of the jury. It is said that on this balcony the banners were raised for the appointment of the new kings and that when a king passed through the city he swore on it the Fueros granted by Alfonso IX.
From the Tower of Bujaco you can see the alignment of consecutive towers with which the Muslims were reinforcing the wall to defend themselves from the constant Christian attacks. They are towers that are exempt from the wall but joined to it by a small wall. These towers also served as observation posts and were a good defensive point.
Legend has it that around 1173, Abú Yá-qub, Caliph of Seville, after an endless siege, broke through the Christian defences and burst into the city. The Fratres de Cáceres, who were half monks, half soldiers, and who later gave rise to the Order of Santiago, tried to defend the important bastion that was the tower but eventually succumbed to the Almohads. Abú Yá-qub, to avoid possible rebellions and as an example, ordered then that the 40 defending monks were beheaded and their heads hung from the battlements of the tower.
Cáceres is connected by the A-66, the old Roman road of La Plata, with Hervás, Plasencia and with Mérida, Almendralejo, Zafra, Fuente de Cantos and Monesterio. Through the A-58 it connects, passing by Trujillo, with Madrid and with the Lusitanian capital, linking with Badajoz or Merida. It also communicates with Portugal, through Valencia de Alcantara, on the N-521. From Ciudad Real you can access it through the N-430, by Fuenlabrada de los Montes, towards Don Benito and Mérida. Cáceres has a regular bus service that connects it with the nearby towns and other long-distance routes that, in addition to connecting it with Madrid, link it with various provincial capitals. The bus station is located in c/Túnez s/n and the telephone number for further information is 927 232 550. By train you can also get to Cáceres, the station is located in Juan Pablo II Avenue II, 6 and the telephone number is 927 235 061. Among other railway services, the train that connects Madrid with Lisboa passes through here.
The Tower of Bujaco is located in the middle of the Main Square of Cáceres, being the entrance door to the historical centre of the city. To reach it we must go to the center of the city and park our vehicle in one of the car parks that surround it, as this has the transit restricted to vehicles. On foot we will have to go to the Main Square, to stop just before crossing the Arch of the Star, find the passage that will allow us to access the Tower of Bujaco.
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