It is located in the northwest of the province of Salamanca, near the border with Portugal. The municipality extends over the left bank of the river Uces, forming an integral part of the Arribes del Duero Natural Park. It is known that the entire area was inhabited by the Vetons around 700 BC, vestiges of this era and its culture are the castros and boars that endure over time. The boars testify to the great dedication of these people to livestock. Then came the Romans, the Arabs... but the origin of the current Masueco must be sought in the repopulation carried out by the kings of León after the Reconquest. There is already some news of Masueco in the 12th century as part of a great lordly and fortified domain. There are documents from the 14th century in which Masueco is named within the administration of the County of Ledesma, a lordship to which it belonged until 1833, when when the current Masueco provinces were created, it became part of the province of Salamanca.
To visit Masueco is to meet hospitable and kind people who do not hesitate to share with the traveller the spectacular landscape that a generous nature has granted them. Numerous trails on the slopes of the Duero and Uces rivers lead to unforgettable places such as the Well of Smokes, a natural waterfall of great beauty and well-deserved renown that Masueco shares with the nearby town of Pereña de la Ribera, or the Well of Lilies, also known as the Horsetail or Pinero Waterfall. The Path of the Duero, as the GR-14 long-distance footpath is known, crosses Masueco in one of its stages, thus giving the hiker the opportunity to get close to these beautiful and unique places. But Masueco also has a rich cultural, historical and artistic heritage.
The church of San Nicolás de Bari, in the centre of the village, is one of the oldest in the region. It was built at the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century and has a beautiful, slender tower that, curiously enough, is slightly inclined with respect to the rest of the building and a separation crack can be seen with the nave that is believed to have begun to form after the earthquake in Lisbon in 1755. In the square you can also find the remains of what was the parish house, an eighteenth-century construction in which you can see the typical architecture of the area. Of the four hermitages that Masueco had, only the Santo Cristo del Humilladero hermitage is preserved. It is located next to a beautiful transept from which it receives its name, although the hermitage is also known as the Hermitage of the Souls. You can still see on the façade of the old Seminary of 1692 a plaque commemorating the construction of the building that was one of the most important study centres in the region, which has now been converted into private houses surrounding an interesting patio. Masueco offers the visitor its good gastronomic products, such as charcuterie, sheep's cheese, hornazo or desserts such as wafers or almond sweets. Nothing better to conclude this beautiful experience with.
Masueco celebrates its patron saint, San Nicolás de Bari, on 6 December; on 3 May it celebrates the day of the Holy Cross in honour of the Cristo del Humilladero; on 20 August, the summer festival, the celebration is for San Bernardo but it is known as the Bull Festivity.
In Masueco, in other times and as tradition commanded, the wine harvesters made a special wine with a high alcohol content and Port flavour that they called barriquita. Sirupa was a rich liquor made from must, before fermentation, and some liquor made from fig raisins. And if what they mixed was wine with leaves from fruit trees, liquor and sugar they got an all-powerful liquor of leaves. But all this is better left to the Masuecans, true artisans in the field.
The Masueco bridge was an important step for the mercantile and Jacobean pilgrimage routes during a large part of history since the communication on the L-5 route that linked Ledesma with Aldeadávila and the La Verde convent was always through it.
Numerous miracles are attributed to the Christ of the Santo Cristo del Humilladero hermitage. One of these beliefs is that if a woman wants to become pregnant what better than to pass a tape through the Santo Cristo and then take it to the waist until the pregnancy and the following nine months until the happy birth.
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The SA-314 road links Masueco with Vitigudino, Aldeadávila de la Ribera and Pereña de la Ribera, and different roads communicate it with nearby towns.
Masueco has bus connections with Salamanca and other provincial capitals.
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