It is located in the basin of the river Iregua, in the heart of the Cameros mountain range, and together with its hamlet, Montemediano, form a beautiful municipality. The town of Nieva de Cameros is first documented in the 12th century, when it was donated by Sancho III and doña Blanca to the monastery of Calahorra, of Castejón de Valdejasa. The first Count of Nieva was Diego López de Zúñiga, later it passed to the Lords of Arnedo as the locality formed part of the estate left to his son Sancho de Velasco, the first Count of Haro and Lord of Arnedo. In the seventeenth century the council rented in winter, to transhumant herdsmen who came there with their flocks, the pastures of the communal lands, perhaps for that reason and in memory of it, the longest street of the town is called "Cordel", as the "Cordel de Ganados de la Cañada Real Leonesa Occidental", from the watchtower of the top of the rock of the castle the cattle could be seen arriving. Nieva de Cameros belonged first to the province of Burgos and then to the province of Soria until the province of Logroño was created in 1833. In the year 1863 some residents of Nieva emigrated to Isla Cristina and some of them became important figures in that city.
The houses of Nieva de Cameros are built on the slope of a mountain. Of the castle, called "La Cueva de los Moros" (The Cave of the Moors) and situated on top of a rocky mass, only the base of some walls and the silhouette of its tower remain. It is believed to have belonged to the Lords of Cameros. At the foot of the rock of the castle, but also at the top, is the elegant parish church of San Martin, from the 16th century, which has an interesting Gothic façade in which the image of San Martín on horseback followed by a poor, occupies an important place. Inside the church, a Romanesque image of Our Lady of Castejón, patron saint of the town, which dates from the 12th century, calls our attention. Nieva de Cameros is dotted with several hermitages, such as the Soledad hermitage, which is located on the road that leads to Nieva and was recently rebuilt, and the Virgen del Collado hermitage, which dates from the 18th century and is located in the town's central square, The hermitage of San Pelayo and the hermitage of San Antón Mártir as well as those of the hamlet of Montemediano complete a pleasant and interesting visit to this town, which also offers beautiful strolls and walks around its surroundings, as it has numerous tracks that link it with other towns in the mountains, as well as being able to follow the GR-93 itinerary that runs through here.
Nieva de Cameros celebrates its festivities in honour of Santiago and Santa Ana on 25 and 26 July, and on 15 May it celebrates San Isidro.
The pilgrimages to the hermitages dedicated to San Antón are very often repeated in the area, on 17 January, the day of the saint. Traditionally, the food taken to this pilgrimage is that related to the slaughter, in Nieva chorizos were roasted.
In Montemediano, hamlet of Nieva, the fans to the harvest of mushrooms can find a great variety of them, the orange boletus, the níscalo or the robezuelo among others will take them to cross these mountains calmly. In addition, a peaceful path will take the visitor to an impressive gall oak tree, popularly known as "oblegordo", perhaps in honour of the almost 10 metres of perimeter at the base of its trunk.
It is said that the image of the Virgin of Castejón appeared on a thorn in the vicinity of Nieva de Cameros and is considered as very miraculous, able to protect and benefit as well as to punish harshly according to the merits of each one. In the hermitage that was built next to the hawthorn where the Virgin appeared, hermits lived in the care of the temple and the herd of cows, each with its cowbell, which belonged to the hermitage. A stranger took the cowbell from one of them, the hermits saw how the cow went every day by the same road to the place where the theft had taken place. Soon the dead and mutilated body of the foreigner appeared there, and next to him was the stolen cowbell.
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The detour that gives access to Nieva de Cameros can be found on the LR-253 road that joins this town with the N-111, between Logroño and Soria, as well as with El Rasillo de Cameros and with the LR-232 road in its section between Villanueva de Cameros and Ortigosa de Cameros.
The intercity public transport service between Logroño and Montenegro de Cameros stops in Nieva de Cameros, from Monday to Saturday on weekdays.
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