It is located next to the Calabazares River and surrounded by mountains such as El Castillo, La Nevera, Chilizárrias or Cabeza Parda. Pazuengos is already mentioned in the records of San Millán de la Cogolla in 944, when Fernán González donated the Monastery of Santa María de Pazuengos to San Millán. The history of the village speaks to us of medieval confrontations between the kingdom of Castile and that of Navarre and of the existence of a castle, built in the tenth century to defend the lands conquered from the Muslims, which was fortified by Ferdinand I of Castile to defend himself against the Navarrese.
This castle is also mentioned in the disputes that the Navarrese, whose king was Sancho IV el de Peñalén at that time, had over these possessions, against those of the kingdom of Castilla, governed by Sancho II of Castilla at that time. In order to avoid a war they chose, each one of them, a knight who would have to face in an ordeal, fight to the death, and in a neutral terrain, place of the fight. Jimeno Garcés represented the Navarrese, and fought for the Castilians Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, ensign of the king, who defeated his rival and Pazuengos became the property of Castile. For this victory Cid received the title of Champion, which means "he who defends justice on the battlefield. This event occurred, according to the commemorative plaque of the City Council in 1066.
Its parish church is dedicated to the patron saint of the village of San Martín. The mountains that surround Pazuengos, together with its surroundings, can delight walkers. Of its two villages, Villanueva and Ollora, only the ruins of the old populations remain.
Pazuengos celebrates San Juan on 24 June and its patron saint San Martín is honoured on 11 November.
It is a tradition in Pazuengos that during the procession dedicated to San Juan, on June 24th, the boys of the village dance dressed in traditional costumes.
In Pazuengos they call "Cacho" the singing lark.
Legend has it that in the mount "El Castillo", where there are abundant archaeological remains, the Moors lived and when they were expelled from Spain they left there great riches, there is talk of a bull's skin and a caldera full of gold.
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To Pazuengos we arrive following the LR-413 that reaches the town, passing through Santurdejo, from the LR-113 road that connects Santo Domingo de la Calzada with Ezcaray.
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