It is a town in Burgos belonging to the municipality of Condado de Treviño. It is part of the province of Burgos but is located in the province of Alava. Laño is located in the small valley of the same name, in the foothills of the Sierra de Izki, surrounded by farmland and populated forests of beech and oak melojos. Its lands are crossed by the river Barrunta, a tributary of the river Ayuda on its left bank. There are numerous prehistoric archaeological sites found in the County of Treviño in the basins of the rivers Ayuda and Rojo. There are theories that say that the name Treviño derives from Trifinium, the boundaries between the three Celtic peoples, Autrigones, Caristios and Várdulos, which converged in the place. Then the area was Romanized; the arrival of the barbarian people and later the Arab invasion brought social, economic and cultural instability, which sowed the seeds for the ermitories to emerge.
It is believed that the origin and apogee of the ascetic caves was during the 5th and 6th centuries. In Laño they continued to be active between the 7th and 9th centuries, as they were occupied by families that formed a real settlement. In Laño there is a group of 13 artificial caves known as Las Gobas and in front of them, separated by the road and the river, in Santorkaria, another 18 caves. The inhabitants of the Gobas in the 9th century abandoned them to settle in what is now Laño. At that time the region was known by the exclusive name of Uda. Laño appears mentioned with different names throughout the centuries, in the XI es Langu, then it will be Laino, Lannu, Lañu. Today Laño is a quiet village with an incomparable quality of life for those who flee from the hustle and bustle of the cities.
In the centre of Laño, whose houses have the characteristic construction of popular houses, you can see the church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción which has two doorways, one from the first half of the 16th century and the other from the 13th century, and its tower from the middle of the 18th century has a bell which is called the bell of Granado. On the outskirts of the village, in the municipality known as La Risca, is the hermitage of Santa Marina, which conserves interesting Romanesque remains. As it passes through Laño, the long-distance GR 38 Wine and Fish Route will bring the traveller closer to the greatest treasure that the locality holds, the Capadocia treviñesa, the eremitic ensembles dating from the fourth century, the archaeological site of Las Gobas and Santorkaria, where, in addition to engravings and inscriptions, you can see caves excavated in the rock that preserve the remains of temples and dwellings. One of the engravings is a duck that has become the emblem of the town's coat of arms.
Laño celebrates its patron saint fiestas on 15 and 16 August in honour of the Virgen de la Asunción and San Roque, on 18 July the people of Laño go on pilgrimage to the hermitage of Santa Marina.
During the festivities in honour of San Roque and the Virgen de la Asunción in Laño they traditionally build a three-storey human castle, when they reach the top the person who crowns the tower launches vivas to San Roque and Santa Marina and then a rocket is launched.
Although in the middle of the 20th century oil prospecting was carried out in the towns of Laño and Dórdoniz, from the precious liquid gold barely a thousand liters sprouted from the experimental well of Laño. Nevertheless, the locality has a great natural wealth, the water that, in cascades, flows through the nearby slopes.
Legend has it that in the vicinity of the hermitage of Santa Marina, in a small chasm, there is a golden cowbell that on dark stormy nights or on days when the road is lost by the dense fog, lets you hear its constant sound helping walkers to follow the right path in the direction of Laño.
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The road that gives access to the locality of Laño we will find it in the layout of the CL-127, road that joins La Puebla de Arganzón with Bernedo.
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