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Did you know that... Oña

 

It is located between the regions of La Bureba and Las Merindades, in the northeast of the province of Burgos of which it forms part, and irrigated by the river Oca is submerged in the Natural Park of Montes Obarenes-San Zadornil. In the surroundings of Oña caves have been found in which Palaeolithic art has left its mark, such as the cave of El Caballón, the cave of Los Moros, La Blanca... The Christians defensive bulwark against the Islamic invasion in the 8th century. It was not until the 10th century that Fernán González granted it its first privileges. The true importance of Oña in the history of Castile comes from the year 1.011 in which the Castilian Count Don Sancho García founds the Monastery of El Salvador and places his daughter Trigidia as abbess of the monks and nuns who inhabited it in its origin until in the year 1.033 the Benedictine rule is established in it.

Oña

A little more history

 

The history of the town of Oña has from that moment been linked to the Benedictine abbey, becoming the lordship of its abbots. Its economic and political importance was such that the disputes and rivalries with the bishopric of Burgos did not take long to arrive. Elected by sovereigns and kings as Chamber and Court, which also conferred privileges and exemptions on Oña, he contributed to the important economic development of the town, which undoubtedly attracted a large Jewish community. Charles I and Philip II reached Oña, staying in the monastery that would have become the most powerful in Castile. With the fall of the Old Regime in the nineteenth century, the town was established as a constitutional council with the name of Oña and its Farms belonging to the party Briviesca in the region of Old Castile. Nowadays Oña is a town that lives the present but shows off its glorious medieval past.

Church and tower of San Juan in Oña

To discover What to see in Oña?

 

Oña, with steep and narrow streets, with a marked medieval air, keeps of its walls only one of the gates, the so-called Arco de la Estrella, located on one side of the church of San Juan, in the Town Hall square. This church, which was the parish of the town, was built between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries and next to it the Romanesque tower of San Juan houses the Resin Museum. An unmissable visit in Oña is the Monastery of El Salvador, from the 11th century, with its monastic church, now a parish church, of San Salvador, a true museum of the history of art, its staircases, its portico, its Gothic cloister. In an environment of great environmental, landscape and natural value such as the Natural Park of Montes Obarenes-San Zadornil, in which Oña is located, there is an attractive network of paths in which the walker can discover and enjoy nature, and for this the House of the Park, which is located in the old cow farm of the Monastery of San Salvador, in the old orchards and gardens of the monastery, offers the necessary information to walk through them. Also from the House of the Park there is a path, a pleasant and short walk through canals and fountains of the sixteenth century to a viewpoint called Vista Alegre or the hermitage of Santo Toribio. 

Monastery of San Salvador in Oña

Festivities

 

Four patron saints, four festivities, although the two official festivities of the town are for San Vítores on 26 August and for Santa Paulina on 21 October, Oña also celebrates San Iñigo on 1 June and San Juan is honoured on 24 June.

 

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Traditions

 

In the Monastery of San Salvador, towards the middle of the 16th century, the Benedictine monk Fray Pedro Ponce de León invented the method of dactilological language, the world-wide used language of signs.

Abbey Church of the Monastery of San Salvador in Oña

Curiosities

 

The Cronicón de Oña, which is a theatrical representation of the medieval history of the town carried out by the onienses, has become an important appointment within the cultural agenda of the place. Every August, for five days, always around the weekend linked to the 15th of August, the abbey church of San Salvador becomes the best possible setting for the occasion.

 

The Legend

 

It is believed that the name Vurovio, ancient god of the time of the Autrigones, which is represented in the three aras of the third century after Christ that are preserved in the church of San Salvador, derived the origin of the toponym La Bureba.

 

 

OTHER PLANS AND EXCURSIONS IN BURGOS

 


Ico_senderosIco rutas flora y faunaIco rutas senderismo con niños en familia

 

 

SOME ROUTES BY OÑA AND SURROUNDINGS

 


Ico rutas patrimonio culturalIco rutas turismoIco rutas patrimonio natural

 

 

MORE PLACES TO VISIT IN BURGOS

 


Ico monumentoIco lugar de interés turísticoIco pueblo con encanto

 

 

OTHER CHARMING VILLAGES OF BURGOS

 


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Get to Oña by car

 

As far as Oña we arrive following the N-232, national road that crosses the locality and that communicates it with Burgos, Logroño, Santander, Vitoria and Miranda de Ebro. Oña is also reached by local roads that connect it with neighbouring villages.

 

By bus

 

Oña has bus services from different companies that daily connect it with Burgos and Bilbao.

 

 

 


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List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
PATHS IN FAMILY NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

1:00 h.4 km.

Walk of the Oca
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
IN FAMILY CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL HERITAGE
1
Difficulty-Low

0:30 h.1.5 km.

Walk of the Molinar
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
MOUNTAIN CULTURAL HERITAGE NATURAL HERITAGE
2
Difficulty-Moderate

3:10 h.10.4 km.

Gorge of the Purón River
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding courses, either because they are longer, more uneven or have a specific difficulty.
TOURISM
0
Difficulty-Low

96:00 h.393 km.

Route through the charming villages of Burgos
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
The Salt Flats of Poza de la Sal
Poza de la Sal, Burgos
The Salt Flats of Poza de la Sal
Natural Park of Valderejo
Lalastra, Álava - Araba
Natural Park of Valderejo

It is the smallest of the natural parks of Alava.

Monastery of Santa María de Rioseco
Manzanedo, Burgos
Monastery of Santa María de Rioseco

One of the most beautiful ruins of Merindades

Tower-Palace of the Varona family
Villanañe, Álava - Araba
Tower-Palace of the Varona family

According to historians, Alava's best-preserved fortified complex

Salted Valley of Añana
Salinas de Añana, Álava - Araba
 Salted Valley of Añana

Landscape with thousands of years of history

Natural Monument of Ojo Guareña
Merindad de Sotoscueva, Burgos
Natural Monument of Ojo Guareña

The largest karstic complex in caves on the Peninsula Ibérica

Puras de Villafranca Mining Complex
Puras de Villafranca, Burgos
Puras de Villafranca Mining Complex

Manganese mines whose exploitation is probably one of the oldest in Spain

Atapuerca Archaeological Site
Atapuerca, Burgos
Atapuerca Archaeological Site

Great encyclopedia of the evolution of man, natural treasure kept in time

Hermitage of San Felices de Bilibio
Haro, La Rioja
Hermitage of San Felices de Bilibio

An emblematic place where devotion and tradition come together

Sanctuary of Our Lady of the Holm oak
Artziniega, Álava - Araba
Sanctuary of Our Lady of the Holm oak
See restaurants in Oña
Oña, Burgos
See restaurants in Oña

Oña, Burgos

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Oña, Burgos
See accommodation in Oña

Oña, Burgos

See things to do in Oña
Oña, Burgos
See things to do in Oña

Oña, Burgos

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