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Did you know that... Roncal

It is a village nestled at the bottom of the valley that gives it its name, the easternmost in the Navarrese Pyrenees, set on a hillside on both sides of the river Esca. It is the capital of the Mancomunidad del Valle and is made up of the neighbourhoods of Arana, Iriartea and Iriondoa, which on the left, ascending towards the summit of Santa Bárbara, are the nucleus of the largest population, and on the right, at the foot of the chapel dedicated to the patron saint of the town is the neighbourhood of El Castillo and San Juan. The first archaeological remains show that there were settlements in the valley in the Neolithic period and, as is to be expected, the events that mark the history of the municipality are similar to those of the other villages that make up the Roncal Valley.

Roncal

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A little more history

The name Raonkali already appears in documents from the 9th and 11th centuries. From the 10th century onwards, its political, administrative and judicial structure developed in unison with the kingdom of Navarre. In the 14th century it was established as the Community of the Roncal Valley and its General Assembly strengthened this district. The fifteenth century brings for the inhabitants of the place the confirmation of their privileges of nobility by King Charles II and years later by Ferdinand the Catholic. The wood exploitation of the XVIII century gives a notable economic impulse to the area. The War of the Convention, and later the Carlist Wars, also take as a scenario the Valley that it sees, in the year 1846, as the seven municipalities that compose it arise, that until then had shared administrative and jurisdictional circumscription, Uztárroz, Isaba, Urzainqui, Roncal, Garde, Vidángoz and Burgui. Although the General Assembly survives to administer the common natural goods, pastures, trees...

Church of San Esteban in Roncal

What to see in Roncal?

Roncal, inserted in a wonderful landscape of pine and beech forests, is a beautiful village of cobbled streets in which large stately homes coexist with buildings of popular and traditional character. In the Castle district is the hermitage of Nuestra Señora del Castillo, from which you can see a beautiful panoramic view of the town in which stands the church of San Esteban built in the sixteenth century in a Gothic-Renaissance transition style. Strolling through its streets, mansions such as the Casa Gambra, in the district of Iriartea, is a building from the 18th century. The palace of Sanz Orrio, from the second half of the 18th century, has a lantern on its roof covered by a roof that once housed a bell that was used to warn the meetings of the Board held here.

Palace in Roncal

To discover

The Casa López is located in the Arana neighbourhood, also dating from the 18th century. The town hall with its arcades, the Julián Gayarrede house-museum, which was the birthplace of the famous tenor turned into a museum where objects and documents of the artist can be exhibited, whose monument-mausoleum, a work of the highest artistic value made in bronze by Mariano Benlliure, which was exhibited in the Paris Exhibition of 1900, can be admired in the cemetery. Before leaving the village to enjoy the environment that surrounds him what better than to visit the Nature Interpretation Centre, which will show us the flora and fauna of the place through panels and audiovisuals helping us to discover them later in their habitat.

Roncal Town Hall

Festivities

Roncal celebrates its patron saint fiestas in honour of the Virgen del Castillo on 15 August. On 20 January and 1 May San Sebastián is celebrated, with a pilgrimage to its hermitage located in the uninhabited area of Navarzato.

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Traditions

To this day, there is still an ancient tradition, that of transhumance. At the end of September, there in San Miguel, the congozantes, who have the right to use and enjoy these pastures, set out with their sheep from the Roncal Valley.

Curiosities

When Angelo Roncali, who was later Pope John XXIII, made a pilgrimage to Santiago in 1908, he visited the Roncal Valley looking for the possible origin of his surname.

Porta Zabalea in Roncal

The Legend

Legend has it that in the palace of Sanz Orrio lived Juana Sanz, a woman who also sang, as Julián Gayarre and that like him, in the nights of full moon it is heard singing.

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SOME ROUTES BY RONCAL AND SURROUNDINGS

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Get to Roncal by car

Roncal is located on the NA-137 road that crosses the entire valley from Sigües, near the A-21 that joins Jaca with Pamplona, to its highest point on the border with France, connecting Roncal with towns such as Burgui, Urzainqui or Isaba.

By bus

Roncal has a bus service that runs from Monday to Saturday from Pamplona-Uztárroz-Pamplona.

SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to .

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List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
FLORA AND FAUNA IN FAMILY CULTURAL HERITAGE
0
Difficulty-Low

0:45 h.3 km.

Foz of Burgui
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little slope and without difficulties.
PATHS
0
Difficulty-Medium

1:25 h.4.8 km.

Way of Zemeto
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
MOUNTAIN SNOW
1
Difficulty-Medium

2:00 h.5.5 km.

Snowshoe Circuit The Ferial
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
MOUNTAIN
1
Difficulty-Medium

1:40 h.4 km.

Ascent of the Peak Arlas
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and slope, not exceeding either great distances or slopes.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

72:00 h.521 km.

Route through the charming villages of Navarra
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Muskilda
Ochagavía-Otsagabia, Navarra
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Muskilda
Natural Park of the Western Valleys
Valle de Hecho, Huesca
Natural Park of the Western Valleys

Natural Park of mountain in Alto Aragon

The Irati Forest
Ochagavía-Otsagabia, Navarra
The Irati Forest
Monastery of San Salvador de Leyre
Yesa, Navarra
Monastery of San Salvador de Leyre
Castle of Javier
Javier, Navarra
Castle of Javier

Pilgrimage destination in honour of the patron saint of Navarre, Saint Francis Xavier

International Station of Canfranc
Canfranc, Huesca
International Station of Canfranc

The station of the Pyrenees, a Site of Cultural Interest, in the category of Monument.

Royal Eugi Ammunition Factory
Eugui/Eugi, Navarra
Royal Eugi Ammunition Factory

A milestone in the economic history of Navarre and Spain in the 18th century

See accommodation in Roncal
Roncal-Erronkari, Navarra
See accommodation in Roncal

Roncal-Erronkari, Navarra

See things to do in Roncal
Roncal-Erronkari, Navarra
See things to do in Roncal

Roncal-Erronkari, Navarra

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