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Did you know that... Santo Domingo de La Calzada

 

It rises over an extensive alluvial plain, in the southwestern part of La Rioja and on the banks of the river Oja, from which the autonomous community takes its name. It is said that it was founded by Saint Dominic himself, a native of Viloria, in 1044, when on the death of the papal legacy of Gregorio de Ostia, of whom he was assistant, he retired to this area to make a life of hermit and help pilgrims on the Way of Saint James. To make it easier for them, he improved the Roman road that passed from Nájera to Redecilla, built a stone bridge over the river Oja, built a hospital, a hostel and a chapel, dedicated to Santa María. 

The Way of Saint James arriving at Santo Domingo de la Calzada

A little more history

 

Alfonso VIII granted him privileges in order to promote the growth of the village. Fernando III gave it the title of city and Pedro I the Cruel, around 1.368, surrounded it with walls. In the sixteenth century the city had an important development, in the seventeenth century the uncertainty and crisis affect him as the rest of Spain, today is one of the Jacobean cities par excellence.

 

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What to see in Santo Domingo de La Calzada?

 

In Santo Domingo de La Calzada, in the Plaza del Santo, is the Cathedral, church erected on the sepulchre of the Saint and consecrated in the twelfth century, became a Cathedral in the thirteenth century. Inside there is a magnificent mausoleum with the ashes of Santo Domingo, without forgetting the Gallinero, a cage and niche in which a live rooster and a hen remind us of the miracle of the Saint. It has a free-standing tower, seventy metres high, known as La Moza de La Rioja. Next to the Cathedral is the old hospital, also the work of Santo Domingo and now converted into accommodation for tourism. On the south side of the square is the hermitage of Nuestra Señora de la Plaza. The Town Hall, located in the Plaza España is baroque from the mid-seventeenth century, in its lower part along the façade, there are nine arches that make a corridor of arcades open to the square, and at the top there are open viewpoints in order to use their galleries as boxes in the celebrations of shows.

Cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada

To discover

 

The city wall dates from the 14th century, of its thirty-eight towers five remain standing, its perimeter was one thousand six hundred and seventy metres and it had up to seven access gates. The convent of San Francisco, in the square of the same name, dates from the 16th century and was built by Juan de Herrera, who participated in the construction of El Escorial. We can also enjoy the landscape and nature by taking a walk along the Oja Greenway, on its way through the town or approaching the next Sierra de La Demanda.

 

Festivities

 

The festivities of the Saint are held from 10 to 15 May, include traditions and rites that commemorate the figure of the saint, his works and miracles, although their days of celebration are concentrated around the day of the death of the Saint, 12 May 1070, the cycle of these commemorations begins on 25 April with the Day of the Gaita and the Tamboril and end on 13 October with the pilgrimage to the hermitage of the Table of the Saint. The Fiestas de Gracias and San Jerónimo Hermosilla are held in mid-September. At the end of May or the beginning of June a pilgrimage is made to the hermitage of the Virgen de las Abejas, located about two kilometres away and the Town Hall is in charge of distributing lentils with piglet ears among the pilgrims. The Pilgrimage to the Table of the Saint is celebrated on 13 October and commemorates the famous miracle of the Rooster and the Hen. It was built at the end of the 19th century where the so-called Dehesa del Santo (Saint's Meadow) was located. On that day there is a mass and a procession inside the hermitage. On the 5th of August the Day of the patron saint of the town, the Virgen de la Plaza, is celebrated.

Bernardas Monastery in Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Traditions

 

On April 25, the brotherhoods of the Saint, accompanied by two pipers and a drummer, tour the houses of the young women who are going to participate in the Procession of the Bread of the Saint, marking them on the face with a feather dipped in blue dye. On May 1, the marked young women distribute the Bread of the Saint in the houses of the city. It is an unleavened Mollete that will be present all year round in each house, which reminds us of the saint's charitable work. On the day of the inauguration of the patron saint's festivities, 10 May, the Ram Parade is celebrated through the streets of the city, the animals have the right to graze wherever they want, and later they will be slaughtered and their meat will be a good ingredient of the Saint's Lunch on the 12th. In the afternoon the Procession of the Prioresses is celebrated, in which the women who have been working all year in the attention of the pilgrims participate. The Procession of the Maidens is celebrated in the morning of May 11, in it the girls who had been marked on April 25, walk the streets of the city, decorated and carrying on his head in a decorated basket, the Mollete or Bread of the Saint. In the afternoon of the same day the procession of the Wheel is celebrated, in it is remembered the offering that in other times was given to the Saint by the neighbors and the City council and that later happened to be represented by a wheel of cart adorned with 16 axes of wax. This procession ends in the Cathedral after dancing the wheel and singing the traditional Resuene.  May 12 is the main day of the festivities and begins with the energetic Lunch of the Saint, chickpeas, ram and vegetables, which the brothers prepare and distribute among those who approach the House of the Saint.

The Tower, separated from the Cathedral of Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Curiosities

 

There are data that say that in Santo Domingo de La Calzada already held annual fairs. And that seems to be the case, it has given rise to the Concepción Fairs, from 6 to 9 December, in which, among other events and exhibitions, the Medieval Market opens its doors. In it, the visitor seems to return to the Middle Ages and to the Mercado del Camino, where you can see tools and agricultural machinery and buy directly products made by the merchant himself.

 

The Legend

 

Among numerous other miracles attributed to the saint, the most famous is perhaps that of the Canto del Gallo y la Gallina. The legend tells that a couple and their seventeen year old son went on pilgrimage to Compostela and spent the night in Santo Domingo in an inn. The innkeeper's daughter tried to seduce the young man, but when he refused, she took revenge by hiding a silver cup in his saddlebag. When the parents and the boy left the city, the girl denounced the robbery. The judge came quickly and arrested the young man, finding the piece in his saddlebag accused him of theft and sentenced him, according to the law, to hanging. The next day, before continuing their pilgrimage, the parents come to see the body of their son whom they find hanging but alive and who tells them that he was entrusted to the Saint and he protected him against the rope. The parents went to see the corregidor to tell him about it and he laughs and tells them that his son is as alive as the roasted rooster and hen that he prepares to eat. At that moment, the birds jump from the fountain to the table and start cackling. Hence the famous phrase "Santo Domingo de La Calzada where the hen sings after the barbecue".

 

 

OTHER PLANS AND EXCURSIONS IN LA RIOJA

 


Ico_senderosIco rutas flora y faunaIco rutas senderismo con niños en familia

 

 

SOME ROUTES BY SANTO DOMINGO DE LA CALZADA AND SURROUNDINGS

 

 


Ico rutas patrimonio culturalIco rutas turismoIco rutas patrimonio natural

 

 

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Ico monumentoIco lugar de interés turísticoIco pueblo con encanto

 

 

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Getting to Santo Domingo de la Calzada by car

 

The main access routes to Santo Domingo de la Calzada are the A-12 and the N-120, which link the towns of Logroño and Burgos, and the LR-111 which links up with the nearby towns of Ezcaray and Haro, as well as with the A-68. At the same time the LR-204 that communicates it with San Millán de la Cogolla.

 

By bus

 

Santo Domingo de la Calzada has a bus station and a stop for regular and interurban lines, which connect it with both nearby towns and nearby capitals.

Bus station.

Plaza de San Jerónimo Hermosilla s/n.

Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja

 

 

 


SENDITUR is not responsible for any variation in the information described, as well as for the misuse of its guides and recommends that everyone be responsible and prudent in carrying out the activity. Likewise, we invite you to document yourself with books and specialized guides to complement the information described. From the commitment of SENDITUR with Nature and the respect to the balance of the environment, SENDITUR urges you to travel in a responsible way, with low environmental impact and respecting at all times the Natural, Cultural and Social environment wherever you go. For any suggestion, SENDITUR invites you to send an email to .

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Listado de experiencias
Fernando Vazquez
Created the 18-05-2014
(5)

Que recuerdos, el camino Santo Domingo, que ganas de volver!!

List of Routes
  • Closeness
  • First name
  • Difficulty
  • Distance
  • Duration
  • Assessment
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Medium

5:25 h.22.4 km.

Stage 09 Santo Domingo de la Calzada-Belorado
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category. Level 3. Stages of moderate distance and slope, not overcoming great distances or slopes.
PATHS IN FAMILY
1
Difficulty-Low

3:35 h.14 km.

Greenway of the Oja. Section 2 Stº Domingo de la Calzada-Ezcaray
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category. Level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.
FLORA AND FAUNA MOUNTAIN
1
Difficulty-Medium

3:40 h.13.2 km.

Climb to Sampol and La Picota or El Hermoso
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
PATHS
1
Difficulty-Low

3:15 h.12.7 km.

Greenway of the Oja. Section 1 Casalarreina-Stº Domingo de la Calzada
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 2. Short walks, with little unevenness and without difficulties.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES CULTURAL HERITAGE
0
Difficulty-Medium

3:30 h.14.1 km.

Stage 08c Way of the Monasteries
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Stages of moderate distance and slope, not overcoming great distances or slopes.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Adapted

6:30 h.109 km.

Route of the Monasteries of La Rioja Alta
Difficulty-AdaptedGreen difficulty category, level 1. Routes conditioned and prepared for the use and enjoyment of persons with reduced mobility.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
2
Difficulty-Medium

5:00 h.21 km.

Stage 08 Nájera-Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category. Level 3. Stages of moderate distance and slope, not overcoming great distances or slopes.
0
Difficulty-Medium

5:50 h.24.3 km.

Stage Briñas-Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Stages of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
MOUNTAIN SNOW
3
Difficulty-High

4:10 h.10.6 km.

Ascent to San Lorenzo, Cabeza Parda and La Cuña
Difficulty-HighCategory of difficulty red, level 3. Mountain routes in not very steep terrain, in which there are no major difficulties. They need sufficient experience and training for this type of terrain.
MOUNTAIN
1
Difficulty-Medium

1:50 h.4.5 km.

Ascent to San Lorenzo by Bogolrrucia
Difficulty-MediumGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
TOURISM
1
Difficulty-Low

72:00 h.412 km.

Route through the charming villages of La Rioja
Difficulty-LowGreen difficulty category, level 3. Excursions of moderate distance and unevenness, not overcoming either great distances or unevenness.
WAY OF SAINT JAMES
1
Difficulty-Moderate

6:55 h.29.1 km.

Stage 07 Logroño-Nájera
Difficulty-ModerateRed difficulty category, level 1. More demanding stages, either because they are longer, more sloping or have a specific difficulty.
Monastery of Santa María del Salvador
Cañas, La Rioja
Monastery of Santa María del Salvador

Also known as the Monastery of Light

Monastery of Suso
San Millán de la Cogolla, La Rioja
Monastery of Suso

Cradle of the Castilian and pantheon of the seven Castilian heroes

Monastery of Yuso
San Millán de la Cogolla, La Rioja
Monastery of Yuso
Wine Culture Museum
Briones, La Rioja
Wine Culture Museum

Where the universe of wine becomes visible

Monastery of Santa María la Real
Nájera, La Rioja
Monastery of Santa María la Real

Emblematic place that reflects the stages of history, art and culture of the area

Castle of Davalillo
San Asensio, La Rioja
Castle of Davalillo

Nice viewpoint of La Rioja Alta and Sonsierra

Hermitage of San Felices de Bilibio
Haro, La Rioja
Hermitage of San Felices de Bilibio

An emblematic place where devotion and tradition come together

Hermitage of Saint Mary of the Pool
San Vicente de la Sonsierra, La Rioja
Hermitage of Saint Mary of the Pool
Monastery of Valvanera
Anguiano, La Rioja
Monastery of Valvanera

Location of the Virgin of Valvanera, Patron Saint of La Rioja

Puras de Villafranca Mining Complex
Puras de Villafranca, Burgos
Puras de Villafranca Mining Complex

Manganese mines whose exploitation is probably one of the oldest in Spain

Village of La Hoya
Laguardia, Álava - Araba
Village of La Hoya

Traveling to pre-Roman protohistory

Caves of Ortigosa
Ortigosa de Cameros, La Rioja
Caves of Ortigosa

A museum where nature exhibits its power and art

Estate of Ribavellosa
Almarza de Cameros, La Rioja
Estate of Ribavellosa

Where numerous and varied ecosystems coexist

Las Gobas Archaeological Site
Laño, Burgos
Las Gobas Archaeological Site
Salted Valley of Añana
Salinas de Añana, Álava - Araba
 Salted Valley of Añana

Landscape with thousands of years of history

See restaurants in Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja
See restaurants in Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja

See accommodation in Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja
See accommodation in Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja

See things to do in Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja
See things to do in Santo Domingo de la Calzada

Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja

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