It is located between the Camero Nuevo and the Sierra de la Demanda. It is crossed by the Urbión or Frío river, a tributary of the Najerilla, which rises in a natural lagoon in the Urbión mountain range. The discovery of tombs and a Visigothic stele, found in the village's urban centre, give testimony of the antiquity of the village, making us think of possible Visigothic settlements.
From the Roman period we still have the name of Lutia referring to Viniegra. It belonged for centuries to the crown of Castile after supporting Count Fernan Gonzalez. It formed part of the Señorío de Cameros, with the name of Viniegra de Yuso, which in the 14th century was donated by Enrique de Trastámara to the knight Juan Ramírez de Arellano, for his support in the fight against Pedro I el Cruel, and then became part of the Señorío de los Condes de Aguilar e Inestrillas. With the disappearance of the lordships in the nineteenth century, it became a village in the province of Soria, until the creation of the province of Logroño.
The "indianos" who returned from America with fortune, left their mark in this beautiful locality. Palatial houses built in ashlar stone, emblematic buildings such as the school, a large reddish stone house that was donated to the village by an indiano from the village, Venancio Moreno Romero, and which contrast with the masonry constructions of the ranchers, which are simpler but of similar beauty; cobbled streets; religious constructions such as the parish church of La Asunción, also built with the characteristic reddish stone of the region; the hermitage of La Soledad, of San Millán and of Santiago. All this care and beautiful urban centre only finds opposition in the beauty of its natural wealth.
The fiestas of San Ildefonso are celebrated on 23 January, although they are usually moved to the nearest weekend. It is customary to distribute a small loaf of bread engraved with the effigy of the Saint among all those present. The festivities of Santiago are celebrated on 24, 25 and 26 July. They are the great festivities. The day before, on the 24th, the Saint is taken down from the hermitage of Santiago to the church, where he spends about a month. On the last weekend in August, the Ascent of the Saint to the hermitage is celebrated to spend the rest of the year. In the evening, a popular dinner is held in the square.
In the pilgrimage, that is celebrated the first Saturday of August to the hermitage of San Millán that is located in the mountain range, it is tradition that after the mass, and to eat and to drink well the people' manteo is realized. On returning to the village, a stop is made at the Plantío for a snack. Another tradition is that of the night from the 1st to the 2nd of November. Two groups of people, separated by a few meters, sing the five Mysteries of the Rosary all night long through the streets of the town. Formerly it was only men who sang it.
In the hermitage of Santiago, located in the middle of the Urbión valley, the parchment of constitution of the old Confederation of the Five Villas and Valle de Canales and the statutes of the current Collective of the Seven Villas of the Alto Najerilla were signed in 1854. It was in Lutia, today Viniegra de Abajo, where Retógenes el Caraunio recruited 400 young people to fight against Scipio, during the siege of Numancia. When he heard about this and as a punishment, at the peak of the Betrayal he ordered them to cut off their right hand, thus succeeding in delivering two blows to its inhabitants: the first physical, leaving the working population useless, and the second moral, preventing the warriors from dying honorably on the battlefield since they could not take up arms.
Legend has it that San Millán and Santa Áurea (patron saint of Villavelayo) were boyfriends and squabble in what is now the Venta de Goyo, and each went to a valley. San Millán, saddened by what happened, when he went up to the cave in which he lived, near the chapel that bears his name and next to a waterfall known as El Chorrero, was crying and those tears dried up and today can be found on the road that leads to the chapel.
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To get to Viniegra de Abajo, take the LR-333, which crosses the town and joins the LR-113 between Nájera and Salas de los Infantes with the N-111 between Logroño and Soria, also passing through Viniegra de Arriba, Montenegro de Cameros and Villoslada de Cameros.
There is a regular bus service that makes the journey Logroño-Canales de La Sierra with a stop, according to timetables, either in Viniegra de Abajo or at the junction with Venta de Viniegra.
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6:55 h.24.3 km.
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