It is located in the south of the province of Burgos, on the right bank of the river Arandilla, equidistant from the capitals of Burgos and Soria and forming part of the famous region of Ribera del Duero. Peñaranda de Duero boasts one of the coldest climates in Spain, with an environment of significant ecological value where pine groves, junipers, gall oaks and junipers compete to be the habitat of numerous birds. At first the area was inhabited by Arevacos and Vascones but it is in the tenth and eleventh centuries when it is first mentioned as a defensive stronghold and part of the alfoz of Clunia, later became a village of San Esteban de Gormaz. Donations and sales make the town pass from one lord to another until in the reign of Alfonso XI Peñaranda de Duero was in the hands of the Avellaneda family, Counts of Miranda, whose descendants held the title of Dukes of Peñaranda, a period in which the town was remarkably enriched. It belonged to the province of Segovia until, in the 19th century, it was integrated into the province of Burgos.
Peñaranda de Duero, declared an Asset of Cultural Interest as a Historic Site in 1974, invites you to walk its streets with tranquillity, admiring and enjoying the beautiful corners of its medieval quarter protected under the figure of the castle, originally from the late medieval centuries and completely reformed in the XV, its Homage Tower and the remains of the wall that surrounded the town, of which two of the three doors through which it was accessed are still preserved, the door of the Nuns and the one that leads to the majestic Main Square from the 16th century, with its jurisdictional roll, its houses with arcades, and where a fountain as old as the square could not be missing.
Competing for the presidency of this monumental centre such as the Main Square of the Counts of Miranda, the visitor can see the Ex collegiate church of Santa Ana, begun to build in the year 1540 and recognized as a collegiate church in 1605, its baroque façade is the result of the reforms that were made in the eighteenth century and the palace of the Counts of Miranda, or Avellaneda that was built in the sixteenth century by order of the third count of Miranda del Castañar. In Peñaranda de Duero is the oldest apothecary in Spain that provides its services and therapeutic knowledge since the eighteenth century; outside the town the convent of San José del Carmen was built in the sixteenth century. The Virgen de los Remedios hermitage, originally built in the 17th century but rebuilt in the 20th century, is the meeting point for the Peñarandinos on the occasion of the festivity of their patron saint. For lovers of hiking and nature from Peñaranda de Duero start several routes that are sure to be the ideal complement to the visit to this beautiful town that also boasts a well deserved gastronomy.
Peñaranda de Duero celebrates its patron saint fiestas on 8 September in honour of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios. Santiago and Santa Ana are celebrated on 25 and 26 July. On 16 July the fiesta is for the Virgen del Carmen. San Isidro is honoured on 15 May, and on 13 June in the Monjas San Antonio neighbourhood is honoured with a traditional bonfire and chocolate.
In Peñaranda de Duero, since time immemorial, in the festivity of Santa Águeda, homage was paid to brides. Today this tradition continues to honour women, as on that day the Peñarandinas dressed in the typical costume of the locality go to the town hall where the mayor gives for one day the baton of command to the oldest neighbor of the town who, thus converted into "mayoress", sends to start a day of revelry and enjoyment for all.
The typical constructions of Peñaranda de Duero are made of adobe and wooden framework, and from its basements you can access the underground cellars that pierce the subsoil of the village.
In Peñaranda de Duero you can hear the story of La Cantamora being told. It is her goblin, her enchanted fairy whose voice, if you listen carefully, still resonates within the walls of the castle, in the houses, or accompanying the howling of the wind between the alleys of the village.
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Peñaranda de Duero can be reached from Aranda de Duero by following the BU-925 regional road. This road connects Peñaranda de Duero with the N-1 in Aranda de Duero on one side and with Huerta de Rey and the N-234 on the other. Peñaranda de Duero is also reached by the BU-924 from La Vid and the BU-923 from Hontoria de Valdearados.
The nearest bus station to Peñaranda de Duero, about 6 kilometres away, is Zazuar, where there are bus connections to Soria and other provincial capitals.
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